Forest Tenures

Approximately 95% of the province's timber is publicly owned. The B.C. government authorizes the rights to harvest Crown timber through forest tenures. 

Private timber marks are required to transport logs from privately-owned land and are administered by the B.C. government.

Timber Harvesting Rights

Forest tenures are the agreement between a company, a community or an individual and the B.C. government that grant the rights and outlines the conditions (through licences and permits) under which timber is harvested from provincial land.

Opportunities to Harvest Crown Timber

The majority of Crown timber harvesting rights are held by forest companies, market loggers and First Nations. In addition, a significant volume of timber is auctioned each year through BC Timber Sales. 

The B.C. government may advertise opportunities, within specific areas of the province, to harvest minor volumes of timber.

For opportunities to access timber within a particular area contact

New entrants to the forest sector, particularly First Nations and Community licensees are encouraged to review the following document:

Additionally, new entrants to the forest sector are encouraged to establish "business to business" purchase agreements with those individuals or companies who hold rights to harvest Crown timber. 


The B.C. government administers and maintains the forest tenures system and the legislation, regulations, policies and procedures that address the occupation of Crown land and harvesting of Crown and private timber.

Apportionment & Commitment Reports—AAC

The allowable annual cut of each timber supply area and tree farm licence is determined by the chief forester, at least once every ten years.

Harvesting Timber on Private Land

Timber harvested on private land has its own set of rules, regulations and practices to guide it, including the need for a private timber mark when transporting logs from privately owned land.

When forestry operations occur on private land, the Private Managed Forest Land program protects the rights of property owners while also protecting other things like fish and wildlife habitats, water quality, soil conservation and reforestation.

The program is managed by a council that sets standards for private forest land.