Spinach

Spinach

Spinach bolts quickly (produces flower stalks) under long-day and warm-weather conditions. This explains why the crop is produced mostly in the spring or fall when temperatures are cooler and the hours of daylight are shorter. Varieties differ in their susceptibility to bolting.

Growing Spinach

Early/ Mid-season

Unipack 121, Spalding1, C26061.

Late

Unipack 121, C2-6061.
 

= smooth leaf

See your seed dealer for the most recent variety recommendations.

 

Muck soils provide needed organic matter and high moisture content. Sandy loams may be used. A pH of 6.2 to 6.9 is optimum for good growth.

Use only seed that has been hot-water-treated. Using seed treated with Thiram or captan seed protectants is also an option.

For control of Pythium damping off, use seed treated with Apron XL LS seed protectant.
 
 
 

Use a precision seeder to space seed 3 – 8 cm apart in rows which are 25 cm apart. This method will require 3 to 5 kg/ha (1.2 to 2 kg/acre) of seed. If a precision seeder is not used, allow for 17 kg/ha (6.8 kg/acre) of seed.

A soil test is necessary to determine phosphate and potash requirements. Use the Vegetable Production Guide: Nutrient Management (PDF) for recommendations based on soil test results.  

On muck soils, broadcast and disc in 35 kg/ha (14 kg/acre) nitrogen and the required phosphate and potash.

On mineral soils, broadcast and disc in 70 kg/ha (28 kg/acre) nitrogen and the required phosphate and potash.

Plants should be dry.

By Hand

With knife or Dutch hoe below rosette and above first feeding-roots.

By Machine

Before plants are too large, otherwise roots may be dragged up as well.

 

Spinach Weed Management

A clean seed-bed is important. Shallow cultivation will control weeds. The stale seed-bed technique as described in the Vegetable Production Guide: Pest Management (PDF, 1.2 MB) will control the first flush of weeds. See tables below.

Post-emergence: Herbicide Application Rates

Product Rate PHI* Comments

Select

(clethodim)

125 - 190 mL/ha (50 - 75 mL/acre) 14
  • Controls annual grasses and suppresses quackgrass at the 2 to 6 leaf stage.
  • Use only with the adjuvant Amigo at 0.5 to 1.0% v/v.
  • Apply early, prior to tillering.
  • Repeat using a 14 day interval.
  • Maximum of 2 applications per year.
  • Do not enter treated area for 12 hours.
  • Group 1 herbicide.

Centurion

(clethodim)

125 - 190 mL/ha (50 - 75 mL/acre) 14
  • Controls annual grasses and suppresses quackgrass at the 2 to 6 leaf stage.
  • Use only with the adjuvant Amigo at 0.5 to 1.0% v/v.
  • Apply early, prior to tillering.
  • Repeat using a 14 day interval.
  • Maximum of 2 applications per year.
  • Do not enter treated area for 12 hours.
  • Group 1 herbicide.

Poast Ultra

(sethoxydim)

Group 1

Annual grasses (incl. volunteer cereals):

320 mL/ha (130 mL/ac)

 

Annual grasses & quackgrass suppression:

470 mL/ha (190 mL/ac)

 

Quackgrass:

1.1 L/ha (445 mL/ac)
15
  • Do not apply more than once per season.
  • For control of annual grasses and quackgrass suppression, add Merge adjuvant using a rate of 0.5 - 1.0 L/ha (0.2 - 0.4 L/ac).
  • For control of quackgrass, add Merge adjuvant using a rate of 1.0 - 2.0 l/ha (0.4 - 0.8 L/ac).
  • Annual bluegrass is not controlled.
  • Apply when annual weeds are in the 1 to 6 leaf stage and when quackgrass is in the 1 to 3 leaf stage.
  • Apply in 50 to 200 L/ha (20 to 80 L/acre) of water at 240 kPa pressure..
  •  See label for water volume and pressure when weed infestations or crop canopies are dense.
  • Observe a 30 day plantback interval for crops not listed.
  • Do not enter treated area for 12 hours.

Aim EC

(carfentrazone-ethyl)

Group 14

37 to 117 mL/ha
(15 to 47 mL/acre)

Apply in 100 L/ha (40 L/acre) of water
1
  • Controls annual weeds.
  • Must be applied using hooded sprayers to weeds between the rows of the emerged crop.
  •  Use an adjuvant such as Agral 90 or Agral-Surf at 0.25% v/v (0.25 L/100 L of spray solution) or Merge at 1% v/v (1 L/100 L of spray solution).
  • Precaution:  crop injury will occur when spray drift is allowed to come in contact with green stem tissue or leaves.
  • Apply only once per growing season.

*PHI = Pre-harvest interval
BUFFERS – Refer to product label for buffer requirements, and consult the Vegetable Production Guide: Pesticide Regulations and Safety (PDF).
PESTICIDE GROUP DETAILS – see the Vegetable Production Guide: Pesticide Toxicity Table (PDF).

 

Spinach Insect Management

 

Aphids are small (<2 mm), green or black, sucking insects that feed on the growing point and the undersides of leaves.

Control

See table below for control options.

Chemical Control of Aphids

Product Rate PHI* Comments

Admire 240 F

(imidacloprid)
 
Group 4

Pre-transplant
tray plug drench:

10.2 mL/1000 plants

 

 

 

 

21

 

 

 

 

 

 

  • Gloves must be worn at transplanting.
  • Do not apply more than once per season as a soil application.
  • Do not follow with any subsequent field drench or foliar application of a group 4 insecticide.

 

 

 

Admire 240 F

(imidacloprid)
 
Group 4
Post-transplant
field drench:

6.0 mL per 100 mL row
(see Rate Conversion Chart of label for row spacing calculations)
21
  • Use one of the following methods:
  • Apply specified dosage in 2000 L/ha (800 L/ac) of water as a narrow (5 cm or less) surface band over the seedline during planting.
  • Seedlings or established transplants: apply in 200 L/ha (80 L/ac) of water as a subsurface side-dress on both sides of each row. Product must be incorporated into the root zone.
  • Post-seeding drench or transplant-water drench: use higher water volumes to thoroughly wet the soil
  • Do not apply more than once per season.
  • Do not follow with any subsequent foliar application of a group 4 insecticide.

Admire 240 F

(imidacloprid)
 
Group 4
Foliar spray:
200 mL/ha
(80 mL/acre)
7
  • Repeat using a 5 day interval.
  • Do not make more than 2 foliar applications per crop per season.
  • Do not apply following a plug treatment, soil application or seed treatment of a group 4 insecticide.
  • Toxic to bees.  Do not apply if bees are visiting the treatment area.
  • Do not re-enter treated area for 24 hours.
  • Do not re-enter treated area for 24 hours.

Assail 70 WP

(acetamiprid)

Group 4
56 to 86 g/ha
(23 to 35 g/acre)

Apply in 200 L/ha (80 L/acre) of water
7
  • Thorough coverage is important.
  • Repeat at 7 day intervals.
  • Do not use more than 5 times per season.
  • Do not exceed 430 g/ha (174 g/acre) of product per season.
  • Do enter treated area for 12 hours.

Actara 240 SC

(thiamethoxam)
 
Group 4
375 to 625 mL/ha
(152 to 253 mL/acre)
N/A
  • Also controls leafhoppers.  Check label.
  • Make an in-furrow application at the seeding or transplant depth or a narrow surface band above the seedline during planting.
  • For a surface application, incorporate to the seeding depth with irrigation within 24 hours after planting.
  • Do not apply more than 625 mL/ha (253 mL/acre) per year.
  • Do not follow with any subsequent foliar applications of of a group 4 insecticide.
  • Do not re-enter treated area for 12 hours.

Actara 25 WG

(thiamethoxam)

Group 4
105 g/ha

Apply in 100 L/ha (40 L/acre) of water)
7
  • Maximum 2 foliar applications per season.
  • Apply at a 7 day spray interval.
  • Do not use if following an in-furrow or soil application of Actara 240 SC.
  • Do not enter treated area for 12 hours.
  • Highly toxic to bees.  Do not apply or allow to drift onto blooming crops or weeds if bees are foraging in or adjacent to the treatment area.

Closer SC

(sulfoxaflor)
 

Group 4C

100 to 150 mL/ha
(40 to 60 mL/acre)

Apply in 100 L/ha (40 L/acre) of water

3
  • Do not use in greenhouses.
  • Do not make more than 2 applications per growing season.
  • Repeat at a 7 day interval.
  • Do not apply more than 300 mL/ha (120 mL/acre) per growing season.
  • Do not apply during crop flowering period or when flowering weeds are present in treatment area.
  •  Observe a plantback interval of 30 days for crops not on this label. 
  • Do not enter treated area for 12 hours.

Sivanto Prime

(flupyradifurone)
Group 4D

500 to 750 mL/ha
(200 to 300 mL/acre)

Apply in 100 L/ha (40 L/acre) of water
1
  • Do not use in the greenhouse.
  • Repeat at a 7 day interval.
  • Do not exceed a total of 2000 mL/ha (810 mL/acre) of product per season.
  • Toxic to bees.  Do not apply if flowering weeds are present and bees are visiting the treatment area.
  • Do not enter treated areas for 12 hours.

Fulfill 50 WG

(pymetrozine)

Group 9B
193 g/ha

Apply in 100L/ha (40L/acre) of water.
14
  • Maximum of 2 applications per season.
  • Apply at a 7 day spray interval.
  • Observe a 30 day plant back restriction for all crops.
  • Do not enter treated area for 12 hours.
  • Apply with a non-ionic adjuvant such as: Agral 90Ag SurfLI 700, or Sylgard 309 to improve performance under drought conditions.

Beleaf 50 SG

(flonicamid)

Group 9C
120 to 160 g/ha
(50 to 65 g/acre)

Apply in 94 L/ha (38 L/acre) of water
0
  • Repeat at 7 day intervals.
  • Do not apply more than 3 times per year.
  • Do not apply more than 480 g/ha (200 g/ac) of product per season.
  • Do not re-enter treated area for 12 hours.

Versys

(afidopyropen)

Group 9D

100 mL/ha

(40 mL/acre)

Apply in 100 L/ha (40 L/acre) of water
0
  • Do not apply in greenhouses.
  • Apply as a groundspray.
  • Repeat using a 7 day interval.
  • Do not apply more than 4 times per year.
  • Ensure thorough coverage.
  • Do not apply more than 1.25 L/ha (506 mL/acre) per year.
  • During the crop blooming period, apply only in the evening when most bees are not foraging.
  • Observe a plantback interval of 30 days for crops not listed.
  • Do not re-enter for 12 hours.

Movento 240SC

(spirotetramat)

Group 23

220 to 365 mL/ha
(90 to 150 mL/acre)

Apply in 300 L/ha (120 L/acre) of water

3
  • Repeat at 7 day intervals as needed.
  • Maximum allowed per crop season: 730 mL/ha (295 mL/acre).
  • Do not enter treated area for 12 hours.

Exirel

(cyantraniliprole)
 
Group 28

500 to 1500 mL/ha
(200 to 605 mL/acre)

Apply in 100 L/ha (40 L/acre) of water

1
  • Do not make more than 4 applications per growing season.
  • Repeat at 5 day intervals.
  • Do not apply more than 4.5 L/ha (1.8 L/acre) per season.
  • Use with an adjuvant such as Hasten NT at a rate of 0.25% v/v or MSO Concentrate with Leci-Tech at a rate of 0.5% v/v.
  • Toxic to bees and certain beneficial insects.  Apply early in the morning or late in the evening when bees are not active.
  • See aphid control comments (this table) for tank-mix precautions and plantback intervals.
  • Do not enter treated area for 12 hours.

*PHI = Pre-harvest interval
BUFFERS – Refer to product label for buffer requirements, and consult the Vegetable Production Guide: Pesticide Regulations and Safety (PDF).
PESTICIDE GROUP DETAILS – see the Vegetable Production Guide: Pesticide Toxicity Table (PDF).

These insects feed on leaves, leaving holes which can make the crop unmarketable.

Control

When damaged leaves are first seen, apply one of the products from the table below.

Chemical Control of Loopers and Other Caterpillars

Product Rate PHI* Comments

Delegate WG

(spinetoram)

Group 5
140 to 200 g/ha
(60 to 80 g/acre)
1
  • Controls cabbage loopers only.
  • For optimal performance, final solution pH should be in the range of 6 to 8.
  • Apply at egg hatch or to small larvae.
  • Repeat at 5 day intervals.
  • Maximum of 3 applications per year.
  • Toxic to bees. Avoid spraying when bees are foraging.

Entrust 80 W

(spinosad)
 
Group 5
 
Used in organics
109 g/ha
(44 g/acre)
1
  • Repeat at 7 to 10 day intervals.
  • Do not apply more than 3 times per year.
  • Do not apply when wind speed exceeds 16 km/h.
  • Do not apply after rainfall or if rainfall is expected within 48 hours of application.
  • Do not enter treated area until residue has dried.
  • Entrust products are OMRI-USA listed.  Check with your certification body before using in an organic operation.

Entrust SC

(spinosad)
 
Group 5
 
Used in organics
364 mL/ha
(147 mL/acre)
1
  • Repeat at 7 to 10 day intervals.
  • Do not apply more than 3 times per year.
  • Do not apply when wind speed exceeds 16 km/h.
  • Do not apply after rainfall or if rainfall is expected within 48 hours of application.
  • Do not enter treated area until residue has dried.
  • Entrust products are OMRI-USA listed.  Check with your certification body before using in an organic operation.

Success 480SC

(spinosad)

 Group 5

182 mL/ha
(74 mL/acre)
1
  • Repeat at 7 to 10 day intervals.
  • Do not apply more than 3 times per year.
  • Do not apply when wind speed exceeds 16 km/h.
  • Do not apply after rainfall or if rainfall is expected within 48 hours of application.
  • Do not enter treated area until residue has dried.

Minecto Pro

(abamectin/ cyantraniliprole)

Group 6 & 28

370 mL/ha

(150 mL/acre)

 

Apply in 200 L/ha (80 L/acre) of water
7
  • Controls loopers only.
  • Use with 0.1 to 0.5% v/v non-ionic surfactant in the spray mixture.
  • Ensure thorough coverage.
  • Repeat using a 7 day interval.
  • Do not apply more than 3 times per season using the high rate.
  • Do not apply more than 5 times per season using the low rate.
  • Do not apply more than 2.010 L/ha (813 mL/acre) per season.
  • Do not apply for 60 days following an in-furrow or soil application or seed piece treatment with any group 28 insecticide.
  • Check label for plantback intervals.
  • Do not re-enter for 12 hours.

XenTari WG

(Bacillus thuringiensis, subsp. aizawai)
 
Group 11
 
Used in organics
500 to 1000 g/ha
(200 to 400 g/acre)
 
Apply in 500 L/ha
(200 L/acre) of water
0
  • Controls loopers only.
  • Treat larvae at the early instar stage.
  • Repeat at 3 to 14 day intervals.
  • Use enough water to ensure full coverage but not to the point of run off.
  • Larvae must be actively feeding on treated, exposed plant surfaces.
  • Apply in the evening or on a cloudy day.
  • Do not allow spray mixture to stand in the tank for more than 12 hours.
  • Xen Tari products are OMRI-USA listed.  Check with your certiification body before using in an organic operation.

Coragen

(chlorantraniliprole)

Group 28

250 mL/ha
(100 mL/acre)

Apply in 100 L/ha (40 L/acre) of water

1
  • Controls cabbage loopers only.
  • Repeat at 3 day intervals.
  • Do not make more than 4 applications per season.
  • Do not enter treated area for 12 hours.

Harvanta 50SL

(cyclaniliprole)
 
Group 28
0.8 to 1.2 L/ha
(324 to 485 mL/acre)
 
Apply in 200 to 1000 L/ha (80 to 400 L/acre) of water
1
  • Controls cabbage looper and diamondback moth.
  • Do not use in the greenhouse.
  • Repeat using a 5 day interval.
  • Do not make more than 6 applications per crop per year for control of cabbage looper.
  • Do not make more than 6 applications per crop per year using the low rate for control of diamondback moth.  
  • Do not make more than 4 applications per crop per year using the high rate for control of diamondback moth.
  • Do not apply more than 4.8 L/ha (1.9 L/acre) per year.
  • Toxic to bees.
  • Observe a plantback interval of 30 days for crops not listed.
  • Do not re-enter treated area for 12 hours.

Bioprotec CAF

(Bacillus thuringiensis)

1.4 to 2.8 L/ha
(0.6 to 1.1 mL/acre)

Use 300 L/ha (120 L/acre) of water

0
  • Most effective when applied to young caterpillars.

Dipel 2X DF

(Bacillus thuringiensis)

Used in organics
275 to 550 g/ha
(110 to 220 g/acre)
0
  • Most effective when insects are young.
  • Maximum 5 applications per season.
  • Dipel products are OMRI-USA listed.  Check with your certification body before using in an organic operation.

Loopex

(Autorgrapha californica)
2.5X1010 to 1X1011 PIBs/400L of water 0
  • Controls cabbage loopers only.
  • For use in the greenhouse on plants grown for transplanting.
  • Dilute 50 to 200 mL of product in 400 of water.
  • Apply using high volume spray systems targeting small larvae.
  • To be effective, larvae must ingest foliage with deposits of the product.
  • Repeat every 7 to 14 days.
  • The pH of the solution should range between 5 and 8.

Intrepid

(methoxyfenozide)

Group 18
300 to 600 mL/ha
(120 to 240 mL/acre)

Apply in 300 L/ha (120 L/acre) of water
1
  • Controls cabbage looper only.
  • Apply at first sign of feeding damage.
  • Repeat at 7 to 14 day intervals.
  • Do not re-enter for 12 hours.

Exirel

(cyantraniliprole)
 
Group 28

250 to 500 mL/ha
(100 to 200 mL/acre)

Apply in 100 L/ha (40 L/acre) of water

1
  • Controls cabbage looper only.
  • Do not make more than 4 applications per growing season.
  • Repeat at 7 day intervals.
  • Do not apply more than 4.5 L/ha (1.8 L/acre) per season.
  • Toxic to bees and certain beneficial insects.  Apply early in the morning or late in the evening when bees are not active.
  • See aphid control comments (this table) for tank-mix precautions and plantback intervals.
  • Do not enter treated area for 12 hours.

*PHI = Pre-harvest interval
BUFFERS – Refer to product label for buffer requirements, and consult the Vegetable Production Guide: Pesticide Regulations and Safety (PDF).
PESTICIDE GROUP DETAILS – see the Vegetable Production Guide: Pesticide Toxicity Table (PDF).

White maggots of a small fly feed inside the leaves, causing colourless blotches.

Control

Use successive seedings and when the mines first appear, spray with one of the products in the table below. Leafminers infest weeds as well, so keep fields and headlands weed-free.

Chemical Control of Leafminers

Product Rate PHI* Comments

Assail 70WP

(acetamiprid)

Group 4

86 g/ha
(35 g/acre)

Apply in 200 L/ha (80 L/acre) of water

7
  • Apply at 7 day intervals.
  • Do not apply more than 5 times per season.
  • Do not enter treated area for 48 hours.

Actara 240 SC

(thiamethoxam)

Group 4

375 to 625 mL/ha

(152 to 253 mL/acre)
N/A
  • Also controls leafhoppers.  Check label.
  • Make an in-furrow application at the seeding or transplant depth or a narrow surface band above the seedline during planting.
  • For a surface application, incorporate to the seeding depth with irrigation within 24 hours after planting.
  • Do not apply more than 625 mL/ha (253 mL/acre) per year.
  • Do not follow with any subsequent foliar applications of of a group 4 insecticide.
  • Do not re-enter treated area for 12 hours.

Citation 75WP

(cyromazine)

Group 17
188 g (2.5 soluble bags)/ha
(76 g (1 soluble bag)/acre

Apply in 200 L /ha (80 L/acre) of water
7
  • Registered to control Liriomyza huidobrensis.
  • Apply as a foliar spray at first appearance of larvae.
  • Re-apply as needed, allowing at least 7 days between applications.
  • Do not make more than 5 applications per season.
  • Do not enter treated area for 12 hours.

Coragen

(chlorantraniliprole)

Group 28
250 to 375 mL/ha
(100 to 150 mL/acre)

Apply in 100 L/ha (40 L/acre) of water
1
  • Repeat at 3 day intervals.
  • Do not make more than 4 applications per season.
  • Do not apply more than 1 L/ha (400 mL/ac) per season.
  • For control of black cutworm: use the lower rate and apply to smaller plants or when lower portions of the plant can receive adequate coverage.
  • Do not re-enter treated area for 12 hours.

Exirel

(cyantraniliprole)

Group 28

1000 to 1500 mL/ha
(405 to 605 mL/acre)

Apply in 100 L/ha (40 L/acre) of water

1
  • Controls Dipteran leafminer larvae.
  • Do not make more than 4 applications per growing season.
  • Repeat at 5 day intervals.
  • Do not apply more than 4.5 L/ha (1.8 L/acre) per season.
  • Use with an adjuvant such as Hasten NT at a rate of 0.25% v/v or MSO Concentrate with Leci-Tech at a rate of 0.5% v/v.
  • Toxic to bees and certain beneficial insects.  Apply early in the morning or late in the evening when bees are not active.
  • See aphid control comments (this table) for tank-mix precautions and plantback intervals.
  • Do not enter treated area for 12 hours.

Harvanta 50SL

(cyclaniliprole)

Group 28

1.2 L/ha
(485 mL/acre)

Apply in 200 to 1000 L/ha (80 to 400 L/acre) of water
1
  • Do not use in the greenhouse.
  • Repeat using a 5 day interval.
  • Do not make more than 6 applications per crop per year for control of cabbage looper and leafminer.
  • Do not make more than 6 applications per crop per year using the low rate for control of diamondback moth.  
  • Do not make more than 4 applications per crop per year using the high rate for control of diamondback moth.
  • Do not apply more than 4.8 L/ha (1.9 L/acre) per year.
  • Toxic to bees.
  • Observe a plantback interval of 30 days for crops not listed.
  • Do not re-enter treated area for 12 hours.

*PHI = Pre-harvest interval
BUFFERS – Refer to product label for buffer requirements, and consult the Vegetable Production Guide: Pesticide Regulations and Safety (PDF).
PESTICIDE GROUP DETAILS – see the Vegetable Production Guide: Pesticide Toxicity Table (PDF).

 

Spinach Disease Management

(Peronospora)

Large pale-yellow spots grow together to cover all or part of the leaves, first the lowest ones, then throughout the plant. Grey to violet mould on the underside of the yellow spots can be visible. Sometimes the whole plant decays and dies.

Control

  • The varieties recommended above are resistant to the common races of downy mildew.
  • Practice a three-year or longer crop rotation.
  • If a seed-lot contaminated with downy mildew must be used, it should be hot-water-treated. Consult the Vegetable Production Guide: Planting (PDF) for instructions.
  • Plant on well-drained fertile soil.
  • If a spray program becomes necessary, see table below for chemical control options.

Chemical Control of Downy Mildew

Product Rate PHI* Comments

Copper 53W

(tri-basic copper sulphate)
2.5 kg/ha
(1.0 kg/acre)
1
  • Avoid applications close to harvest which may result in visible residue.

Ridomil Gold 480 SL

(metalaxyl-M & S-isomer)
 
Group 4
1 L/ha
(400 mL/acre)
N/A
  • Apply at planting as a banded application over the row, pre-plant incorporated.
  • Make one application per season.
  • Do not enter treated area for 12 hours.

Quadris

(Azoxystrobin)

Group 11
1.125 L/ha
(450 mL/acre)
7
  • Repeat at 7 day intervals.
  • Do not apply more than 2 times per season.
  • Do not enter treated area until residues have dried.

Reason 500SC

(fenamidone)

Group 11
400 mL/ha
(160 mL/acre)
2
  • Suppression only.
  • Repeat at 7 day intervals.
  • Do not apply more than 4 times per year.
  • Observe a plantback interval of 30 days for all crops.

Pristine WG

(boscalid & pyraclostrobin)

Group 7 & 11
1.6 kg/ha
(650 g/acre)
0
  • Suppression only.
  • Repeat at 7 to 14 day interval.
  • Maximum of 2 applications per season.
  • For hand-harvesting and thinning, do not enter treated area for 9 days. For all other activities do not re-enter for 24 hrs.

Revus

(mandipropamid)

Group 40
400 to 600 mL/ha
(160 to 240 mL/acre )

Apply in at least 100 L/ha (40 L/acre) of water
1
  • Use a non-ionic adjuvant (0.25% v/v).
  • Repeat at 7 to 10 day intervals.
  • Do not apply more than 4 times per year.
  • Do not apply to greenhouse-grown seedlings to be transplanted in the field, until after they have been transplanted out.
  • Do not enter treated area for 12 hours.

Presidio

(fluopicolide)

Group 43
220 to 292 mL/ha
(89 to 118 mL/acre)

Apply in 200 to 1000 L/ha (80 to 400 L/acre) of water
2
  • Tank-mix with a product that has a different group number listed in this table for downy mildew. Follow most restrictive directions including rate, PHI and re-entry interval.
  • Repeat using a 7 to 10 day interval.
  • Do not apply more than 4 times per season.
  • Maximum of 880 mL/ha (356 mL/acre) per season.
  • Do not re-enter treated for 12 hours.

Orondis

(oxathiapiprolin)
 
Group 49

175 to 350 mL/ha (70 to 140 mL/acre

Apply in 110 L/ha (45 L/acre) of water.

0
  • Repeat using a 5 to 14 day interval.
  • Where multiple crop cycles are produced in the same year, do not make more than 6 applications/ha/year.
  • Do not apply more than 1.40 L/ha (570 mL/acre) per season.
  • Do not re-enter treated area for 12 hours.

*PHI = Pre-harvest interval
BUFFERS – Refer to product label for buffer requirements, and consult the Vegetable Production Guide: Pesticide Regulations and Safety (PDF).
PESTICIDE GROUP DETAILS – see the Vegetable Production Guide: Pesticide Toxicity Table (PDF).

RootShield WP (Trichoderma harzianum Rifai strain KRL-AG2) is a biological fungicide for the suppression of Root Rot in greenhouse vegetable transplants.  When applied to transplants, greenhouse planting mix or soil, the product grows into plant roots as they develop to protect roots  against Pythium, Rhizoctonia and Fusarium. 

Suppression

  • Suspend RootShield WP using a spray volume of 30 to 45 g/100 L and apply at the rate of 55 to 110 g per cubic metre (loose) of greenhouse potting mix, soil or planting beds. 
  • Apply using hand-held backpack or ground spray equipment. 
  • Becomes active when soil temperatures are above 10 degrees C and is not effective while soils remain cold.
  • More effective at suppression of root rot in neutral or acidic soils.  
  • Should be used within 12 months of the date of manufacture.  
  • Contains the allergens wheat and sulfites.
  • Approved for use in organics.