Managing pests

The key to effective pest management is to prevent pests from becoming a problem in the first place. If you do have a pest problem, it’s important to know how to identify, monitor and control pests using safe treatment methods.

Unpopular or unwelcome animals, plants and insects don't necessarily need to be killed or removed.

Integrated Pest Management (IPM)

Under an IPM program, prevention techniques and regular inspections replace ongoing pest treatments. This approach is built on the principal that it’s only necessary to take action against pests when their numbers warrant it – not as a routine measure.

In most cases pest populations are not entirely eliminated, they’re only suppressed to non-damaging levels.

If treatment is needed, only an appropriate combination of control measures for a specific site are used.

Prevention methods

Follow these tips to help ensure a pest-free area:

  • Prevent pests from entering the home: seal any foundation gaps or cracks and screen all vents, doors and windows.
  • Water may attract some pests so repair leaky roofs, pipes, faucets and appliances. Empty out containers holding standing water in outdoor areas.
  • Keep all leftover food inside the refrigerator or in tightly sealed containers and clean up crumbs or spills.
  • Remove unnecessary clutter and use sturdy plastic or metal storage containers instead of cardboard boxes.
  • Garbage bins should be properly covered, cleaned, and placed as far as possible from your house.

Treatment option: Hire a pest control operator

Here are a few things to consider about a pest control company before you hire them to apply pesticides on your property:

  • Are there any pesticide bylaws in your community?
  • Do they have appropriate licensing and certification?
  • Do they routinely explain pest problems and proposed treatments?
  • Do they have a good record?
  • Do they guarantee their work?
  • Are they affiliated with a professional pest control association?
  • Do they have a pest management accreditation?