Hiring Domestic Workers
A domestic worker lives and works in a private home. They provide services like child care, cooking and cleaning.
In B.C., domestic workers are not considered the same as other types of employees who also provide in-home services, for example live-in home support workers, night attendants, residential care workers or sitters. However, the federal government considers domestic workers to be live-in caregivers.
If you hire a domestic worker, you become an employer. You need to:
- Follow employment standards in B.C.
- Meet the federal requirements for hiring live-in caregivers
- Follow the rules for hiring temporary foreign workers
- Make sure the employment agency is licensed and follows the rules, if you use one
- Meet WorkSafeBC requirements
- Make deductions to pay income tax, Canada Pension Plan or Employment Insurance benefits
Employers must register domestic workers
If you're bringing a domestic worker into Canada on your own or through an employment agency, you need to:
- Step 1: Register your intent to hire a domestic worker
- Step 2: Within 30 days of hiring, provide the worker's name to the registry
- Step 3: Provide proof of registration to the federal government
Employers and domestic workers must sign an employment contract
The employment contract or agreement must be signed before work begins. It outlines the terms and conditions of employment, including:
- Work duties and schedule
- Pay rate and payment schedule
- Cost of monthly room and board (if allowed by federal requirements)
Hours of work
Employers create their employee's schedule based on the standards for hours of work.
It can sometimes be difficult to determine when a domestic worker is "at work" because they live in the employer's home. If a worker is asked to perform work duties outside of the normal work schedule, employers must pay for that time.
The employer must keep a record of daily hours worked, even if the domestic worker is paid a salary instead of an hourly wage. The employer can have the worker record their hours on a timesheet. Employees should also keep their own record of all the hours they work.
Wages must equal at least minimum wage for all hours worked, regardless of whether the worker is paid hourly or by salary.
Here's an example: An employee earns a $2,500 monthly salary to work 40 hours a week. To confirm they're being paid at least minimum wage:
- Step 1: $2,500 x 12 months = $30,000
- Step 2: $30,000 ÷ 52 weeks = $576.92 per week
- Step 3: $576.92 ÷ 40 hours = $14.42 per hour (more than minimum wage)
Wages must also be paid if a domestic worker goes on vacation with their employer and is required to work.
Money cannot be deducted from an employee's wages to recover the cost of doing business or for damage to the employer's property (e.g. a broken vase).
Employers can charge up to $325 per month for room and board, if it's allowed by federal requirements. The employee must agree in writing before room and board can be deducted from their pay.
Employers can choose when an employee can take their annual vacation. It must be at least one week long. It is not vacation time if the domestic worker goes with the employer on a trip or stays behind to work in the home.
Employers are investigated if they break the law, or if they are dishonest or unfair
Human trafficking is when a person:
- Is forced to work or provide services they do not want to do
- Works for little or no pay under poor conditions
- No longer has access to their passport or identification
- Has restrictions on where they can go and what they can do
Human trafficking is a crime – report it right away.