Road stream crossings on fish streams can be barriers to movement of juvenile and adult fish. Free movement of all life stages of fish is important as it allows access to the appropriate habitats for rearing and spawning. The greatest numbers of fish passage problems in British Columbia that have been identified are associated with closed bottom structures (culverts).
The federal and provincial government, along with the forest industry, developed the following guidance document to help plan, prescribe and implement sound fish-stream crossing practices associated with road infrastructure in B.C. The Fish-Stream Crossing Guidebook is intended to improve fish passage outcomes at new crossings and restorations.
- Fish-Stream Crossing Guidebook (PDF)
- Joint Steering Committee Fish Passage/Stream Crossings Communication Letter (PDF)
Government has developed a strategic approach for remediating barriers to fish passage, from initial assessments of crossings, to the final design and installation of new structures. Improving fish passage involves determining highest priority watersheds and within those watersheds, setting priorities for restoration.
Since the Fish Passage program's inception in 2007, more than 150 stream crossings have been remediated, providing renewed access to more than 750 km of fish habitat.
Presentations and Papers:
- Assessing Fish Passage at Culverts - Richard Thompson | Presentation (PPT) (9 MB) | Paper (PDF) (417 KB)
- Habitat Modelling and Culvert Assessments - Craig Mount | Presentation (PDF) (11 MB) | Paper (PDF) (464 KB)
- Towards Restoring Fish Habitat Connectivity in BC (PDF) (660KB)
- Field Assessment Methodology for Determining Fish Passage at Culvert Sites - Online Training
- Note: March 2021 Due to the expiration of Adobe Flash, this content is currently being updated. Please check back shortly.
- Fish Passage Poster (JPG) (3.5 MB)
- Training Presentations for Culvert Assessment Methodology
Note: Additional information on construction and maintenance of Forest Service Roads and stream crossings can be found at: Resource road engineering, publications and permits.
- Fish Passage Activity Engineering Standards (PDF) (507 KB)
- Stream Simulation: Planning and Design for Closed-Bottom Structures for Fish Streams (PDF) (3.12 MB)
- Streambed Simulation: Fish Management, Water Control, and Culvert Installation for Closed-Bottom Stream Crossings (PDF) (559 KB)
- Streambed Simulation: Streambed Construction, Infill Methods, and Rewatering for Closed-Bottom Stream Crossings (PDF) (574 KB)
- Streambed Simulation: Monitoring and Maintaining a Fish-Friendly Culvert Crossing (PDF) (2.93 MB)
- Guidance to C&E Program staff and delegated decision makers on interpreting the words “material adverse effect” and “material adverse impact (PDF) (190 KB)
- FLNRO Bridge Design Standards, Manuals and Guidelines
- Guidelines for Professional Services in the Forest Sector – Crossings (PDF) (.4 MB) (Association of Professional Engineers and Geoscientists)
- Forest Practices Board Report: Fish Passage at Stream Crossings
- US FishXing – US website with general information and case studies
- FP Innovations (FERIC) Case Studies (posted with permission from FERIC):
- Installation of an embedded pipe culvert: Hotfish Creek (PDF) (259 KB)
- Installation of an embedded pipe culvert: Stuart Lake tributary (PDF) (216 KB)
- Closed-bottom corrugated-steel embedded culverts in British Columbia: overview of twelve sites (PDF) (503 KB)
- Installation of an embedded pipe culvert: Lewis Lake tributary (PDF) (244 KB)
- Closed-bottom corrugated-steel embedded culverts in British Columbia: overview of seven sites (PDF) (378 KB)
- Replacing wooden-box culverts with aluminum arch culverts: two case studies (PDF) (339 KB)
- Installation of a structural-plate corrugated-steel round culvert along a fish-bearing stream in Alberta (PDF) (399 KB)