Plants, Animals & Ecosystems

British Columbia is home to tens of thousands of plant and animal species living in a rich diversity of habitats and ecosystems. Responsible decision making and positive action on our part will help protect B.C. wildlife and their home.


Healthy ecosystems provide important “services,” like clean air and water, healthy forests and farms, and habitat for our plants and animals. British Columbia contains a diverse range of ecosystems that support thousands of individual plant and animal species.

Plants & Fungi

Plants provide humans and other animals with food and shelter, cool the environment and help provide clean air and water. Fungi break down dead material, make nutrients available to other living things, and form connections with trees that help keep forests healthy. 


A huge variety of fish and other aquatic animals live in B.C.’s freshwater habitats. They provide food for humans and other animals, support the economy, and are an important part of B.C.’s healthy ecosystems. Learn about fish and other aquatic animals and the habitats in which they live.


When we take care of B.C.’s wildlife and the habitats in which they live, our own health and our economy benefit, too. Learn about collecting, sharing and accessing scientific data and information about wildlife in B.C.

Invasive species

Invasive species are plants and animals not native to B.C. or are outside their natural distribution area. They can spread rapidly, outcompete and predate on native species, dominate natural and managed areas, and alter biological communities. Invasive species can negatively impact B.C.'s environment, people and economy. 

Controlled Alien Species

Exotic animals, such as alligators, monkeys and pythons, are known as controlled alien species in British Columbia. Controlled alien species are animal species that are not native to our province and are therefore not considered wildlife. The B.C. government regulates all interactions with controlled alien species to ensure public safety.

Species & Ecosystems at Risk

British Columbia is home to thousands of species and ecosystems, and some of these are at risk of disappearing from our province. Working together at federal, provincial and local levels is essential to protect them. Check out what B.C.'s government is doing to take conservation action and learn how you can participate.

Conservation Data Centre

The B.C. Conservation Data Centre (CDC) assists in the conservation of our province's biodiversity by collecting and sharing scientific data and information about wildlife and ecosystems in B.C.