Archaeological Assessments & Studies

Archaeological sites in B.C. are investigated and protected for their historical, cultural, scientific and educational value to the general public, local communities and First Nations. Archaeological studies identify an assess archaeological sites to determine whether proposed projects will impact archaeological resources.   

Archaeological Overview Assessment

Archaeological Overview Assessment studies (AOA's) allow for a desktop assessment of several variables (e.g., known archaeological sites; traditional land use; environmental variables) to identify and assess the potential of an area for as-yet unrecorded archaeological sites. An AOA may be a large-scale GIS model, or small-scale map review. Please note the Branch has established guidelines for AOAs.

Preliminary Field Reconnaissance

Preliminary Field Reconnaissance (PFRs) may be conducted without a permit to conduct a field evaluation of archaeological potential. Non-permitted preliminary field reconnaissance studies can be conducted in accordance with Best Practices for Recording Results of Non-permitted Preliminary Field Reconnaissance (PFR) Studies (PDF)

Archaeological Impact Assessment

Archaeological studies identify and assess archaeological sites to determine whether proposed projects will impact archaeological resources. Archaeological impact assessments are conducted by archaeologists under permit, which allows for subsurface investigations, artifact collection, and other activities.