Nursery Plants

The nursery plant sector produces thousands of different species of perennials, vines, ground covers, shrubs and trees that are used to beautify public and private landscapes and to re-vegetate damaged native ecosystems. The sector also produces berry and tree fruit plants for home gardens and commercial orchards.

Nursery crops are either grown in the field or in containers. Field-grown nursery stock ranges in size from one-year-old whips to mature specimen trees.


Growing nursery crops is challenging due to the tremendous diversity of plants propagated and production systems used.  The information provided in this section is intended to be used by growers to identify and correct crop health issues.

Information on growing nursery plants, with an emphasis on sustainable pest management.

A description of how to use routine testing of salts and pH in the growing media to prevent costly nutritional problems in container-grown crops.

A description of the impact of the drainage and aeration of growing media on the health and vigor of container-grown plants.

Information on the management of specific pests that damage nursery plant crops.

New Entrants

If you are new to the sector, you may have questions about how to get started. 

Advice for establishing a successful nursery:

A starting point to help nursery managers prepare a formal business plan for their operation:

Whether you're starting a new farm or seeking to improve your existing operation, the B.C. Government has resources for implementing best practices for business growth.


Canadian Nursery Certification Program

The Canadian Nursery Certification program (D-04-01) is a systems-based phytosanitary certification program. CNCP-approved facilities can issue their own Phytosanitary Certification Labels for shipments of nursery stock within Canada or to the United States.  Learn more about the program:

Importation and Domestic Movement

The Canadian Food Inspection Agency has a mandate to ensure a safe food supply for everyone in Canada.  Directives have been developed that restrict the importation and domestic movement of specific greenhouse vegetable crops to prevent the introduction and spread of regulated pests. Read more:

Plant Protection Act

Under the Plant Protection Act, specific pests of nursery crops are regulated in British Columbia (such as Balsam Woolly Adelgid and Little Cherry Disease)  Learn more:

Other local, provincial and federal legislation and regulations apply.