Second-generation anticoagulant rodenticide ban

To reduce the risk of wildlife poisoning, an 18-month ban on second-generation anticoagulant rodenticides (SGARs) starts on July 21, 2021.

On this page:


Second-generation anticoagulant rodenticides (SGARs)

SGARs are commercial class pesticides registered in Canada for rodent control by:

  • Certified pest control operators
  • Farmers

SGARs are formulated as poisonous baits containing any of the following active ingredients:

  • Brodifacoum
  • Bromadiolone
  • Difethialone

These active ingredients are highly toxic, causing death by internal bleeding. Rodents only need one feeding to get a lethal dose.

Review the list of registered SGAR products affected by the ban. Always review the pesticide label before using or selling a rodenticide to confirm whether it contains one of the banned ingredients.

SGARs can also pose a serious risk to people, pets and wildlife through direct and secondary poisoning. The risk of secondary poisoning for wildlife by SGARs is higher than first-generation products because the active ingredients stay in animal tissue for a long time after feeding.

Rodenticide poisoning

Direct poisoning

  • Pets, children and wildlife can die or be seriously hurt if they eat poisoned rodent bait

Secondary poisoning

  • Natural predators like hawks and owls can die or suffer long-term effects from eating poisoned rodents

A flow diagram showing secondary wildlife poisoning from consumption of rodents poisoned by rodenticides.


Minister’s order banning SGARs

The ministry is aware of wildlife deaths linked to rodenticide use. The minister has created an order to protect wildlife from unintended impacts of SGAR use by banning or restricting their access.

The minister’s order:

  • Restricts who can buy SGARs
  • Restricts who can use SGARs
  • Requires vendors prevent unauthorized buyers from accessing SGARs
  • Requires SGARs are used only as part of an Integrated Pest Management (IPM) program
  • Requires proper disposal of SGARs 
  • Requires record keeping for the sale and use of SGARs

The minister’s order is in place from July 21, 2021 to January 20, 2023.

While the order is in place, the ministry is conducting a scientific review to make recommendations for future use of SGARs in B.C.

This content is a summary of the minister’s order (PDF, 732KB). It is not legal advice and does not provide an interpretation of the law. In the event of any conflict or difference between this webpage and the order, the order is correct and legal and must be followed.


SGAR restrictions

Sale of SGARs

SGARs can be sold only to:

To sell SGARs, vendors must:

  • Have a valid pesticide vendor licence
  • Prevent buyers from accessing SGARs without the help of a certified dispenser
    • For example, keeping SGARs behind a counter or in a locked cabinet
  • Post a ministry produced sign outlining the risk of SGARs to wildlife
  • Record information about the sale of each SGAR

Before selling an SGAR, the vendor’s certified dispenser must:

  • Confirm the sale is to an authorized buyer of an essential service, licensed pest control company or agricultural operation
  • Confirm the buyer has a valid structural or agricultural pesticide applicator certificate, unless they are an agricultural operation
  • Tell the buyer about the risks to wildlife when using SGARs
  • Tell the buyer they have new rules to follow when using SGARs:
    • Use as part of an IPM program
    • Proper disposal of SGARs and dead rodents
    • Record keeping
  • Perform their duties listed under section 46 (3) of the IPM Regulation

Use of SGARs

SGARs can be used only by:

Before using SGARs, these users must follow IPM measures:

  • Identify the type of rodent and understand their behaviours
  • Determine the rodent population level and decide if pesticide use is necessary
  • Identify and seal rodent entry points to structures
    • Licensed pest control companies can provide advice on how to seal entry points instead of offering this as a service 
  • Remove sources of food, water and shelter that are attractive to rodents
    • Licensed pest control companies can provide advice instead of offering this as a service 
  • Incorporate alternatives to rodenticides for control measures, such as traps

When using SGARs, these users must:


Record keeping requirements

Specific information must be recorded about each sale and use of an SGAR. 

Selling SGARs

For the sale of each SGAR, vendors must record the:

  • Date of sale
  • Name, address and phone number of the person buying the SGAR
  • If the person buying is an employee:
    • Name and contact information of the business or operation the SGAR is being bought for
  • Category of buyer (licensee, essential service or agricultural operation)
  • If the buyer is a licensed pest control company:
    • Licence number
    • Certificate holder’s name and certificate number
  • If the buyer is an essential service:
    • Certificate holder’s name and certificate number
  • Product name and PCP number
  • Size and number of containers sold
  • Certified dispenser’s name and certificate number

These records must be kept for three years.

Find a sales record template and other guidance material under resources for vendors.

Using SGARs

For each use of an SGAR you must record the:

  • Applicator’s name
  • Type of each targeted rodent
  • IPM measures used to prevent and control rodents without the use of SGARs
  • Product name and PCP number
  • Application method
  • Amount applied
  • Date, time and location of the application

These records must be kept for three years.

Licensed pest control companies must also record the information required under section 35 of the IPM Regulation.

Find use record templates under resources for people, businesses and agriculture


Rodent control guidance materials

Guidance materials help you understand the new rules for the sale and use of SGARs under the minister’s order, as well as how to use IPM when controlling rodents.


Essential service and agricultural operation definitions

Essential services

Some services must manage rodents to maintain critical operations.

These designated essential services are businesses and services related to preserving:

  • Life
  • Health
  • Public safety
  • Critical societal functioning

Rodents can affect these essential services by:

  • Chewing electrical and data cables, which can interrupt function and cause fires
  • Contaminating food storage
  • Spreading diseases

Designated essential services with a certified pesticide applicator on staff may buy and use SGARs.

Designated essential services

  • Hospitals
  • Emergency care services
  • Primary care facilities
  • Department of National Defence facilities
  • Canadian Armed Forces facilities
  • Operations and services that support the Canadian Coast Guard and Coast Guard Auxiliary
  • Emergency management facilities at local, regional, provincial and federal levels
  • Drilling and production
  • Refineries
  • Processing
  • Treatment and completion facilities
  • Storage facilities
  • All of the distribution network infrastructure and support operations required for maintaining:
    • Electricity
    • Drinking water
    • Waste water
    • Oil and natural and propane gas
    • Fuel, petroleum, crude oil and other fuel sources such as heating oil
  • Gas stations, diesel, propane and heating fuel providers, and providers of charging stations for electric vehicles
  • Food processing, manufacturing, storage, transportation and distribution of foods, feed products and beverages
  • Restaurants and other facilities that prepare and serve food
  • Food retailers:
    • Grocery stores
    • Convenience stores
    • Farmers' markets
    • Other establishments engaged in the retail sale or provision of food, including food banks
  • Services and facilities that facilitate the interprovincial and intra-provincial transportation of essential supplies, personnel and services, including:
    • Port or waterfront operations
    • Road
    • Air
    • Rail operations
  • Waste (garbage and organics) and recycling collection, processing, and disposal
  • IT, radio, cable providers, and telecommunication services, including:
    • Phone, internet, wireless communications and data centres
    • Satellite operations
    • Undersea cable landing stations
    • Internet Exchange Points
    • Manufacturers and distributors of communications equipment
 
Coroners and those performing mortuary and related services
  • Coroners and facilities performing mortuary services, including:
    • Funeral homes
    • Crematoriums
    • Cemeteries
    • Facilities supporting the appropriate handling, identification, storage, transportation, and certification of human remains

 

Agricultural operations

Agricultural operations may buy and use SGARs.

To qualify as an agricultural operation, you must have one of the following:

  • Farmer ID card
  • AgriStability statement
  • AgriInvest statement
  • Notice of assessment showing farm status
  • PST Exemption Certificate for farmers

While not required under the order, people using SGARs for an agricultural operation are encouraged to get a pesticide applicator certificate.


Buying SGARs

Vendors can sell SGARs only after confirming the buyer is an authorized user. A buyer can be the owner or an employee of the business or operation. Buyers should bring specific documents so the vendor can complete the sale.

Essential services

If the buyer is the owner, they should bring:

  • Proof the company is an essential service, such as a business card
  • A copy of a staff member’s structural or agricultural pesticide applicator certificate

If the buyer is an employee, they should bring:

  • A copy of a staff member’s structural or agricultural pesticide applicator certificate
  • A letter on company letterhead stating:
    • The name and contact information of the company
    • What essential service the company provides
    • The person buying the SGAR is a current employee
    • The certificate holder is a current employee, if they aren’t the person buying the SGAR
    • The person buying the SGAR is authorized to do so

Licensed pest control companies

If the buyer is the owner, they should bring:

  • A copy of a staff member’s structural or agricultural pesticide applicator certificate
  • A copy of the pesticide license

If the buyer is an employee, they should bring:

  • A copy of a staff member’s structural or agricultural pesticide applicator certificate
  • A copy of the pesticide licence
  • A letter on company letterhead stating:
    • The name and contact information of the company
    • The person buying the SGAR is a current employee
    • The certificate holder is a current employee, if they aren’t the person buying the SGAR
    • The person buying the SGAR is authorized to do so

Agricultural operations

If the buyer is the owner, they should bring one of the following documents:

  • Farmer ID card
  • AgriStability statement
  • AgriInvest statement
  • A notice of assessment showing farm status
  • PST Exemption Certificate for farmers

If the buyer is an employee, they should bring:

  • A copy of one of the following documents:
    • Farmer ID card
    • AgriStability statement
    • AgriInvest statement
    • A notice of assessment showing farm status
    • PST Exemption Certificate for farmers
  • A letter signed by the person whose name appears on one of the documents listed above stating:
    • The name and contact information of the operation
    • The person buying the SGAR is a current employee of the operation
    • The person buying the SGAR is authorized to do so

Webinar

Watch a recorded presentation explaining the minister's order on rodenticides.

Protecting Wildlife from Rodenticides

A presentation examining the issue of harm to wildlife from rodenticides and explaining the ministry's response, including a temporary ban on second-generation anticoagulant rodenticides.


Resources for vendors

These resources help vendors understand and comply with the minister’s order.

Signage requirement

Vendors selling SGARs must post a Vendor SGAR Sign (PDF, 224.5KB).

Record keeping requirement

Vendors selling SGARs must record specific information from each sale:

Authorized buyer confirmation

Vendors can only sell SGARs after confirming the buyer is authorized. Buyers should bring specific documents so the vendor can complete the sale.

Understand the rules

Get a summary of the rules for vendors under the minister's order:

Vendors may also want to have resources for people, businesses and agriculture available for their customers buying SGARs.


Resources for people, businesses and agriculture

These resources help people, businesses and agricultural operations control rodents under the minister's order.

Record keeping forms

Specific information must be recorded when using SGARs:

Licensed pest control companies

Essential services or agricultural operations can hire a licensed pest control company to control rodents on their behalf.

Pesticide applicator certificates

To use SGARs, essential services and licensed pest control companies must use certified pesticide applicators. While not required under the order, people using SGARs for an agricultural operation are encouraged to get a pesticide applicator certificate.

Disposal of rodenticides and dead rodents

Proper disposal of rodenticides and rodents killed by rodenticides can help prevent secondary poisoning:

  • Disposal of Rodenticides (PDF, 194KB)
  • Dispose of dead rodents in the garbage or by burying. If disposing in the garbage, it is recommended to seal the dead rodent in a plastic bag first

Understand the rules

Get a summary of the rules that apply to you under the minister's order:

Best practices when controlling rodents

Learn how to control rodents using Integrated Pest Management (IPM): 

Have questions about the minister's order?

Email your questions to BC.IPM@gov.bc.ca.