Tax credits are issued only if the venture capital corporation (VCC) raised the equity capital under a pre-approved authorization and is in compliance with the Small Business Venture Capital Act and Small Business Venture Capital Regulation.
Individual investors are entitled to a 30% refundable tax credit, up to an annual maximum tax credit of $120,000. Individual investors who invest in the first 60 days of a calendar year can elect to apply their tax credits to the previous calendar year's tax return.
For example, an investment made February 18, 2018 can be claimed on their 2017 tax return or their 2018 tax return.
Corporate investors are entitled to a 30% non-refundable tax credit, however, there is no annual tax credit limit. Corporate investors can only claim the tax credits in the year of investment.
Both individual and corporate investors can carry forward unused portions of tax credits for four years.
The VCC is required to record investments to the Investment Capital Branch's electronic Tax Credit Application (eTCA) in order for the VCC's investors to receive tax credits.
VCC's must ensure investors complete and sign a share purchase report. These reports must be retained for seven years for audit purposes.
The Investment Capital Branch performs extra due diligence when an investor invests $200,000 or more in the VCC. Before tax credit certificates are issued, the VCC must submit to the Investment Capital Branch:
- a copy of the investor's Share Purchase Report (PDF, 644 KB)
- a copy of the VCC's bank statement showing the funds deposited
- a current copy of the central securities register
- a copy of the convertible right agreement, if applicable
Tax credit certificates will be available for download as PDFs in the eTCA early in the new year. For inquiries, please contact your Portfolio Manager.
The VCC is responsible for distributing the tax credit certificates to its investors.
An investor attaches the tax credit certificate to their income tax return filed with Canada Revenue Agency.
A maximum annual tax credit claim differs for individual investors and corporate investors. However, both may carry forward an unclaimed tax credit amount for four subsequent taxation years.
An individual, referred to in section 2 (1) of the Income Tax Act (B.C.), who is resident in B.C. may claim up to $120,000 in tax credits in one year. An individual investor also has the option of claiming a tax credit for the prior taxation year if the shares were purchased in the first 60 days of the year. The amount claimed is applied toward payment of all income tax amounts due to Canada Revenue Agency with any excess refunded directly to the individual.
If an individual shareholder resides in B.C. at the date of the subscription for shares and yet resides outside the province at year-end, this may affect the individual's ability to claim the tax credit certificate. Individual shareholders who have moved outside B.C. or who are planning to move before year-end are urged to consult with their financial advisers about their eligibility to claim the tax credit certificate.
A corporation, referred to in section 2 (2) of the Income Tax Act (B.C.), that has a permanent establishment in B.C. may claim the tax credit to offset B.C. income tax otherwise payable in a year.
The tax credit issued to a corporate investor is not refundable. There is no annual tax credit limit for corporations. Corporate investors must claim tax credits in the year in which the investment was made.
If the VCC or its investors engage in an ineligible transaction or is in non-compliance with the Small Business Venture Capital Act, the investor may be required to repay the tax credits. Under section 20 (1) of the Act, the VCC and its investors must comply with the following:
- no tax credit has been previously allowed or paid for the shares
- the shares, for which the VCC applies for tax credits, are not a type of security that entitles its holders to claim a tax credit against tax payable under the Income Tax Act (Canada) for the purchase of the security
- the eligible investor shareholders acquire the shares directly from the VCC
A tax credit certificate may be revoked if the administrator determines that, at the time the tax credit certificate was issued, or at a subsequent time, the VCC was in contravention of the Act or the Regulation. A tax credit certificate that is revoked is deemed never to have been issued.
Since the consequences of non-compliance can be serious, program users are urged to consult with your legal and financial advisers.