Reportable and notifiable diseases

Reportable and Notifiable Diseases are microbes, parasites, toxins, and syndromes that are particularly harmful. They are deemed reportable under the Animal Health Act so that the Chief Veterinarian can implement monitoring, prevention, control, and/or eradication measures to:

  • (a) to determine their presence, identity, nature, effects or spread
    (b) to safeguard animal health
    (c) to safeguard public health
    (d) to avoid barriers to trade
    (e) for other reasons in the public interest

Anyone who has reasonable grounds to suspect that a reportable or notifiable disease has occurred must make a report to the Chief Veterinarian within 24 hours.

Procedures and information requirements for making a report are prescribed in the Reportable and Notifiable Disease Regulation.

Reportable and notifiable diseases in B.C.

The following is a summary of the microbes, parasites, toxins, and syndromes that are Reportable or Notifiable in B.C. Please see the Reportable and Notifiable Disease Regulation for details.

Note that in addition to the specific diseases listed below, an illness affecting any animal that is known to be, or that may be, zoonotic in nature is prescribed as a reportable disease if any of the following signs or indicators are present:

  • the illness has never, or has rarely been, observed in British Columbia
  • the illness appears in a species in which the disease has never, or has rarely, been observed
  • the illness has, or appears to have, a higher pathogenicity than usual

Additionally, an illness in any animal is prescribed as a reportable disease if clusters of the illness include more animals, appear more frequently, or appear over a larger geographic area than usual.

Diseases affecting multiple species

  • Anthrax
  • Bluetongue
  • Brucellosis caused by Brucella abortusmelitensisovis or suis
  • Chronic wasting disease of cervids
  • Foot and mouth disease
  • Plague caused by Yersina pestis
  • Pseudorabies
  • Q Fever caused by Coxiella burnetti
  • Rabies
  • Rift Valley fever
  • Rinderpest
  • Trichinellosis caused by Trichinella sprialis
  • Tularaemia caused by Francisella tularensis
  • Vesicular stomatitis
  • Viral hemorrhagic fevers (e.g., filoviruses, bunyaviruses, hantaviruses, etc.)
  • Asbestos
  • Creosote
  • Dioxins
  • Fuel, if it contains, or may contain, a substance that is toxic to animals
  • Lead
  • Poly-chlorinated Biphenyls (PCBs)
  • Anaplasmosis
  • Epizootic hemorrhagic diseases
  • Johne’s disease
  • Lyme disease caused by Borrelia burgdorferi
  • Malignant catarrhal fever
  • Rocky Mountain spotted fever caused by Rickettsia rickettsii
  • Salmonella Dublin
  • Salmonella Enteritidis
  • Salmonella Heidelberg
  • Salmonella Typhimurium
  • West Nile Virus
  • Salmonella found in an environmental sample taken in a place where an animal is, or has been, housed.

Bird diseases

  • Influenza A in poultry
  • Fowl typhoid caused by Salmonella gallinarum
  • Infectious laryngotracheitis
  • Mycoplasma gallisepticum, but only in turkeys kept or dealt with for commercial purposes
  • Newcastle disease
  • Pullorum diseases caused by Salmonella pullorum
  • Avian chlamydiosis caused by Chlamydophila psittaci
  • Fowl cholera caused by Pasteurella multocida
  • Fowl pox

Mammal diseases

Cattle diseases

  • Bovine cysticercosis
  • Bovine spongiform encephalopathy
  • Bovine tuberculosis caused by Mycobacterium bovis
  • Contagious bovine pleuropneumonia
  • Lumpy skin disease       
  • Bovine trichomoniasis
  • Bovine genital campylabacteriosis

Horse diseases

  • African horse sickness
  • Contagious equine metritis
  • Eastern, Western and Venezuelan equine encephalomyelitis
  • Equine infectious anaemia
  • Equine piroplasmosis caused by Babesia caballi or Theileria equi.
  • Equine herpes myeloencepalopathy
  • Equine rhinipneumonitis
  • Equine viral arteritis

Sheep and goat diseases

  • Peste des petits ruminants
  • Scrapie
  • Sheep and goat pox

Swine disease

  • African swine fever
  • Classical swine fever
  • Swine vesicular disease
  • Swine delta coronavirus
  • Influenza A
  • Porcine epidemic diarrhea
  • Transmissible gastroenteritis

Bee diseases

  • Varroa mite (Varroa destructor)
  • Tropilaelaps mite (Tropilaelaps clareae)
  • Tracheal Mite ~ Acarine disease (Acarapis woodi)
  • Small Hive Beetle (Aethina tumida)
  • Lesser wax moth (Achroia grisella)
  • Greater wax moth (Galleria mellonella)
  • Eastern Honey Bee / Asian Honey Bee (Apis cerana)
  • Cape bee (Apis mellifera capensis)
  • African Honey Bee (Apis mellifera scutellata)
  • Northern Giant Hornet (Vespa mandarinia)
  • Southern Giant Hornet (Vespa soror)
  • Yellow Legged Hornet (Vespa vilutina)
  • American foulbrood (Pseudobacillus larvae)
  • European Foulbrood (Mellisococcus plutonius)
  • Chalkbrood (Ascosphera apis)
  • Nosema disease (Nosema apis, N. ceranae)
  • Acute Bee Paralysis virus (ABPV)
  • Black Queen Cell virus (BQCV)
  • Deformed Wing virus (DWV)
  • Israel Acute Paralysis virus (IAPV)
  • Kashmir Bee virus (KBV)
  • Sacbrood virus (SBV)
  • Varroa Destructor virus (VDV)

Aquatic diseases

Crustacean diseases

  • Taura syndrome
  • White spot disease
  • Yellow head disease
  • Crayfish plague caused by Aphanomyces astaci
  • Infectious hypodermal and haematopoietic necrosis caused by Infectious hypodermal and haematopoietic necrosis virus
  • Infectious myonecrosis caused by Infectious myonecrosis virus
  • Necrotizing hepatopancreatitis
  • White tail disease caused by Macrobrachium rosenbergii, nodavirus, and extra small virus

Finfish diseases

  • Ceratomyxosis caused by Ceratomyxa Shasta
  • Epizootic haematopoietic necrosis
  • Infectious haematopoietic necrosis
  • Infectious pancreatic necrosis
  • Infectious salmon anaemia
  • Koi herpesvirus disease
  • Spring viraemia of carp
  • Whirling disease caused by Myxobolus cerebralis
  • White sturgeon iridoviral disease
  • Bacterial kidney disease caused by Renibacterium salmoninarum
  • Enteric red mouth disease caused by Yersinia ruckeri
  • Epizootic ulcerative syndrome caused by Aphanomyces invadans
  • Furunculosis caused by Aeromonas salmonicida
  • Gyrodactylosis caused by Gyrodactylus salaris
  • Oncorhynchus masou virus disease caused by oncorhynchus masou virus
  • Red sea bream iridoviral disease caused by Red sea bream iridovirus
  • Streptococcosis caused by Streptococcus iniae
  • Viral haemorrhagic septicaemia

Mollusc diseases

  • Bonamia ostreae
  • Marteilia refringens
  • Marteiliodes chungmuensis
  • Mikrocytos mackini
  • Perkinsus marinus
  • Perkinsus olseni
  • MSX disease caused by Haplosporidium nelson 
  • Bonamia exitiosa
  • Bonamia roughleyi
  • Marteilia sydneyi
  • Abalone viral mortality caused by Abalone herpes-like virus
  • Brown ring disease caused by Vibrio tapetis
  • QPX caused by quahog parasite unknown
  • Seaside organism disease caused by Haplosporidium costale
  • Withering syndrome of abalone caused by Xenohaliotis californiensis