The 2011 National Household Survey reports that of the over 232,000 Indigenous people in B.C., 67% were First Nations, 30% were Métis and just under 1% was Inuk (Inuit). First Nations people live both on- and off-reserves. Métis and Inuit live in urban and rural communities throughout B.C.
Indigenous people have distinct cultures, world views, languages and traditions that form a part of the richness of B.C’s society today.
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B.C. is committed to supporting First Nations-led strategies to identify, investigate, protect and commemorate the sites of former residential schools and hospitals in B.C. and providing the mental health, wellness and cultural supports required to do this in a safe, supportive and culturally appropriate way.
Indigenous communities, particularly in remote areas, face unique circumstances and have specific needs in managing through the pandemic. Supporting Indigenous communities to respond to COVID-19 is a key priority.
A 25-year revenue-sharing commitment between the provincial government and First Nations in B.C. was reached in 2018 to support self-government and self-determination, strong healthy communities, and services that make life better for families.
The Guide to Indigenous Organizations and Services is a resource listing of Indigenous community-based services and organizations.
As part of its work to create true and lasting reconciliation with Indigenous peoples in B.C., the provincial government has committed to implementing the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, and adopting the Truth and Reconciliation Commission of Canada’s Calls to Action.
- Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples Act
- FAQ: Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples Act
- Truth and Reconciliation Commission Calls to Action
- Frequently Asked Questions: Truth and Reconciliation Commission Calls to Action
- Métis Nation Relationship Accord
- About the 10 Principles
- Frequently Asked Questions: The 10 Principles
The Province works in partnership with First Nations, Métis, non-government organizations and the federal government to provide services and programs to improve social outcomes for Indigenous people and communities.
The Minister's Advisory Council on Indigenous Women (MACIW) was established in 2011 following the Collaboration to End Violence: National Aboriginal Women’s Forum, which was co-hosted by the Province of B.C. and the Native Women’s Association of Canada.
The provincial government is committed to improving the participation of Indigenous people and communities’ in the economy. Government must work in partnership with Indigenous people to identify shared goals, strategic outcomes and progress.
The First Citizens Fund is a perpetual fund created in 1969. It supports cultural, educational and economic development programs for Indigenous people, communities and businesses in B.C., and it helps fund Indigenous organizations offering services in these areas.
The New Relationship Trust is an independent non-profit organization dedicated to strengthening First Nations in B.C. through capacity building. The Trust invests in First Nations in B.C. by providing support in five key capacity development areas: