Taking multiple medications is linked to falls - the greater the number of medications a person takes, the greater the risk of any kind of adverse reaction from a medication, including falls. Some drugs in particular, such as sedatives, are more likely to increase the risk of falling.

Assess your medication-related falling risks by asking yourself the following questions:

  • Do I take medicine that makes me feel light-headed or more tired than usual?
  • Do I take medicine to help me sleep or to improve my mood?
  • Do I take fluid tablets or blood pressure pills?
  • Do I take multiple medications?
  • Do I get dizzy when I stand up or walk?
  • Do I have problems understanding my medications?
  • Do I drink more than two glasses of alcohol per day?

If you answered “yes” to any of the above, it is important to discuss them with a health care professional.


  • Ask about a medication review of all your prescription and non-prescription medications. Ask your doctor or pharmacist for information and whether any of your medications will cause unsteadiness or other side effects.
  • Speak to your doctor or pharmacist immediately if a medication is causing side effects, such as becoming unsteady, dizzy, confused or drowsy, or if you have a fall.
  • Avoid taking medication and alcohol together - alcohol can add to the risk of falling by affecting your alertness, judgement, physical co-ordination and reaction time.
  • Always know why you are taking medications and what side effects they have.
  • Keep a chart, including instructions on time and dose in a place that is easy to see. Use a dosage dispensing pack.
  • If anxiety is a problem, ask your health care professional about learning other ways to improve sleep patterns and avoid using sleeping pills.

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