First Nations in Treaty Process
A fundamental goal of a modern treaty is to achieve certainty and facilitate strong and workable relationships between First Nations and other governments including federal, provincial and local governments.
Treaties bring predictability with respect to a First Nation’s jurisdiction by recognizing their inherent rights and provide a clear, stable and sustainable path for everyone to work together. A full and formal expression of reconciliation between First Nations and government, treaties clearly define the rights and responsibilities of all parties in the negotiations. When ownership and use of lands and resources is clear, there is increased predictability for continued development and growth in the province.
In British Columbia, modern treaties are negotiated within the British Columbia Treaty Commission (BCTC) process. One modern-day treaty has been negotiated outside the BCTC process and is in effect:
The following treaties were negotiated in accordance with BCTC process:
- Tsawwassen Final Agreement - April 3, 2009
- Maa-nulth Final Agreement - April 1, 2011
- Tla'amin Final Agreement - April 5, 2016
For up-to-date information on other First Nations participating in the treaty process please see the BCTC Negotiations Update web page.