British Columbia Greenhouse Gas Emission Offset Portfolio
B.C.’s emission offset portfolio has resulted in total emissions reductions of approximately 4.9 million tonnes carbon dioxide equivalent (CO2e) between 2010 and 2016. In any single year, B.C. has between 14 and 25 projects in the portfolio.
In addition to reducing emissions, offsetting advances green technologies, supports clean-job growth and drives the economy. Offset projects tied to B.C.’s carbon neutral government program contributed an estimated $372.5 million to provincial GDP between 2008 and 2014 (see Economic Analysis of British Columbia’s Carbon Offset Projects). Offsetting has also provided, for example, developers of forest sequestration projects a new mechanism to help protect biodiversity and contribute to a conservation economy in B.C. communities.
B.C.’s 2016 Offset Portfolio
B.C.’s offset portfolio spans nearly every region and sector of the province.
Below is a snapshot of the innovative projects in our 2016 portfolio. The projects included in each year’s carbon neutral government offset portfolio are further described in the annual reports provided (right). Full project documentation is available on the BC Carbon Registry.
In Waste Management, recent offset project work focused on managing and collecting landfill gases:
- The Columbia Shuswap Regional District captures natural gas produced by decomposing landfill waste, injecting it into the FortisBC gas pipeline to power the region’s homes.
In the Forestry Industry, offset projects include fuel-switching initiatives:
- In Prince George, Mackenzie, Chetwynd, Fort St. John and Elko, Canfor transforms bark residuals from its sawmills into energy – reducing their reliance on natural gas while modelling how industry can lower emissions, support local clean technologies and create economic opportunities for B.C. communities.
- In Prince George, the Canfor Pulp Northwood pulp mill project is cutting emissions while making marked improvements in air quality. The project involves upgrading a recovery boiler and improving the efficiency of particulate removal from a power boiler.
In Forestry, offset projects result from improved forest management practices:
- On Quadra Island, offsets are helping safeguard a local forest nestled between two B.C. marine parks. The expanded parkland not only increases forest carbon stocks but also protects the area for boaters, residents and visitors to enjoy.
- The Great Bear (South Central Coast) project reduces timber harvest levels and protects extensive areas of forest that were previously slated for logging thereby increasing carbon stocks as the trees continue to grow.
- The Great Bear (North and Central Mid-Coast) project is reducing timber harvest levels in the world’s largest intact coastal temperate rainforest, thus increasing carbon stocks and protecting healthy ecosystems.
- Great Bear Rainforest (Haida Gwaii) is reducing emissions caused by harvesting, road building and other forestry-related operations, while supporting important Haida cultural sites.
In Agriculture, offset project work includes biomass fuel switching:
- Sun Select Delta uses a biomass boiler and insulating curtains to help heat their greenhouses and significantly reduce their dependence on natural gas.
In the Oil and Gas sector, offsets are developed through electrification and increased fuel efficiency:
- The Noel Electrification Project replaced natural gas with grid electricity, solar and small thermal-electric back-up generators to power compressors and other equipment at the gas production facility.
- The Septimus Electrification Project was part of a new build that brought grid electricity to the remote natural gas processing plant instead of using readily available natural gas, significantly reducing its environmental impact.
- Blue Source worked with several gas plants in northeast B.C. to install REM Technology’s REMVue engine systems. This new technology increases fuel efficiency while capturing vented emissions to significantly reduce GHGs when compressing natural gas from well-sites to the plants.
- ARC Resources' award winning project reduces emissions by replacing natural gas with electricity for compression applications and with pressurized air to operate the pneumatic control devices and instruments.
In Transportation, recent offset project work focused on improving the fuel efficiency of buses:
- TransLink has replaced conventional diesel buses with more fuel-efficient diesel hybrids, bringing significant emission reductions to an already environmentally sound mode of transportation.
In Clean Tech, offset project work includes biomass gasification:
- Kruger Products’ biomass gasification units generate steam to power its New Westminster mill by converting local wood waste into clean-burning syngas. The first of its kind in Canada’s pulp and paper industry, the installation reduces the tissue mill’s carbon emissions by over 50 percent annually.