BCAB #1670 - Party Wall Construction in Duplex, Article 188.8.131.52.
May 13, 2010
Re: Party Wall Construction in Duplex, Article 184.108.40.206.
The project in question consists of a number of side-by-side duplexes. Each half of each duplex sits on a parcel of land which is a separate real estate entity. These are not strata lots.
Reason for Appeal
Article 220.127.116.11. requires a party wall built on a property line to be constructed as a firewall except as permitted by Article 18.104.22.168. Article 22.214.171.124. allows that “in a building of residential occupancy in which there is no dwelling unit above another dwelling unit, a party wall on a property line between dwelling units need not be constructed as a firewall provided it is constructed as a fire separation having not less than a 1 h fire-resistance rating.” A party wall is defined as “a wall jointly owned and jointly used by 2 parties under easement agreement or by right in law, and erected at or upon a line separating 2 parcels of land each of which is, or is capable of being, a separate real-estate entity.”
The appellant contends that the duplexes conform to the provisions of Article 126.96.36.199. because there is no dwelling unit above another dwelling unit, the fire separation will extend from the footing to the underside of the roof sheathing and be fire stopped. The appellant also contends each duplex is a single building because the two dwellings are separated by a party wall built as a fire separation, not a firewall, so the requirement of Article 188.8.131.52. of Division A to consider a structure on each side of firewall to be a separate building does not apply.
Building Official's Position
The building official maintains that Article 184.108.40.206. does not apply to a building which contains a dwelling unit beside another building which contains a dwelling unit but, rather, it applies to a building that contains multiple side-by-side dwelling units. As the property line effectively creates a separate building on each side of it. Article 220.127.116.11. does not apply. If it did then you could have series of 600 square metre buildings separated only by 1 hour fire separations instead of 2 hour firewalls and this cannot be the intent of the Code.
Appeal Board Decision #1670
It is the determination of the Board that Article 18.104.22.168. permits a 1 h fire separation on a property line separating side by side dwellings which are separate real estate entities and where there is no dwelling above another. This party wall is not considered as a firewall and does not create separate buildings for the purpose of building area. The Part 9 building area limit still applies and a 2 h firewall would be needed to limit buildings to not more than 600 sq m in building area.
George Humphrey, Chair