BCAB #1356 - Handrails on Exterior Stairs, Sentence 188.8.131.52.(1)
May 20, 1994
Re: Handrails on Exterior Stairs, Sentence 184.108.40.206.(1)
The project in question is an automobile dealership. A stairway consisting of 3 risers, a landing and 3 more risers leads from a small covered patio outside a showroom exit door down to the main entry driveway. The width of the stairway increases as it descends but at its minimum is more than 1100 mm wide. There is one free-standing handrail in the centre of the stairway.
Reason for Appeal
Sentence 220.127.116.11.(1) requires every exit stairway 1100 mm or more in width to have a handrail on both sides.
The appellant contends that a single handrail should be acceptable for two reasons. Firstly, the stairs are considerably wider than the minimum required based on occupant load and if the stairs were the minimum allowable 900 mm in width, only one handrail would be required. Secondly, the stairs were designed as a landscape feature and are not required as part of the means of egress. The covered patio served by the stairs is at grade adjacent to a gently sloping landscape area which leads to the parking lot and then the street.
Building Official's Position
The building official maintains that the stairway is not just a landscape feature, does form part of the required means of egress from the building and Sentence 18.104.22.168.(1) does apply. Because the stairway exceeds 1100 mm in width it must have handrails on both sides.
Appeal Board Decision #1356
It is the determination of the Board that a handrail is required on both sides of the stair in question. The Board considered the stair to be part of an exit facility and Sentence 22.214.171.124.(1) requires a handrail on both sides of an exit stair that is more than 1100 mm wide.
George R. Humphrey, Chair