BCAB #1222 - Areas of Refuge and Institutional Corridors - Clause 188.8.131.52.(1)(e); Sentences 184.108.40.206.(2) and; (3)
October 23, 1990
Re: Areas of Refuge and Institutional Corridors - Clause 220.127.116.11.(1)(e); Sentences 18.104.22.168.(2) and; (3)
A proposed seniors' centre and intermediate care facility classified as Group B Division 2. The building is a 4 storey noncombustible structure with one level of underground parking. The first storey contains related assembly occupancies and complementary support areas while the second through fourth storeys contain sleeping rooms, nursing stations and secondary dinning and lounge areas. Because there is a Group B Division 2 occupancy above the third storey the building is considered a high building and must conform to the requirements of Subsection 3.2.6.
Reason for Appeal
There are two disputes in this appeal. The first deals with areas of refuge for disabled persons and the second deals with the required width of corridors serving patients' bedrooms.
(1) Clause 22.214.171.124.(1)(e) requires, unless specifically noted elsewhere, areas of refuge conforming to Article 126.96.36.199. be provided on each floor to which disabled persons are required to be provided access.
(2) Sentences 188.8.131.52.(2) and (3) require 2400 mm wide corridors and 1100 mm wide doors where it may be necessary to move patients in beds.
The appellant contends that areas of refuge, 2400 mm wide corridors and 1100 mm wide doorways are not required.
(1) Article 184.108.40.206. requires Group B Division 2 occupancies to conform at least with the requirements of Article 220.127.116.11. which specifically exempts them from the requirement to provide areas of refuge.
(2) Intermediate Care facilities are licensed for not more than two bed-ridden patients and corridor, door and bed dimensions contained in the Community Care Facilities Act indicate there is no intention to move patients in their beds. Therefore Sentences 18.104.22.168.(2) and (3) are not applicable to this project.
Building Official's Position
The building official contends that areas of refuge are required in the stairwells and 2400 mm wide corridors and 1100 mm wide doorways are required.
(1) As noted by the appellant disabled persons will inhabit the building so Section 3.7 clearly applies. It follows then that the Specific Requirements of Article 22.214.171.124. also apply and that Article 126.96.36.199. is inclusive of Article 188.8.131.52. The term "at least" in Article 184.108.40.206. does not specifically note or imply that special design requirements are restricted to the requirements of Article 220.127.116.11. alone. Article 18.104.22.168. deals with areas of refuge and refers back to floor areas described in Clause 22.214.171.124.(1)(e). Therefore, areas of refuge are required in the stairwells.
(2) Although only two bed-ridden patients are permitted by the Community Care Facility Act the Building Code, in Sentence 126.96.36.199.(2), places no lower limit on the number of patients to be moved in beds when requiring wide corridors and doors. As up to two patients may be moved in their beds the 2400 mm wide corridors and 1100 mm wide doors are required.
Appeal Board Decision #1222
There are two questions in this Appeal and the Board will answer each separately.
(1) The Board considers that Article 188.8.131.52. requires Group B Division 2 occupancies to conform at least to the requirements for Group B Division 1 occupancies as contained in Article 184.108.40.206. Article 220.127.116.11. requires areas of refuge in all buildings unless "specifically noted otherwise." Article 18.104.22.168. specifically notes otherwise and does not require areas of refuge. Therefore, neither does Article 22.214.171.124.
The Board feels that Group B Division 2 occupancies are exempted from the area of refuge requirements because they are provided with comparable areas of refuge for disabled persons by the application of Sentences 126.96.36.199.(6) and 188.8.131.52.(2) which require each floor area to be divided into at least two fire compartments with smoke protected openings between them and access directly or indirectly to exits.
(2) The Board considers that the Code in Sentence 184.108.40.206.(2) and Article 220.127.116.11. requires 2400 mm wide corridors and 1050 mm wide doors where it may be necessary to move patients in bed. The Community Care Facility Act also governs the design of this building and it's requirements for minimum 1000 mm wide beds and 830 mm wide doors indicate there is no intention to move patients in bed in this class of facility. Therefore, Sentence 18.104.22.168.(2) and Article 22.214.171.124. do not apply and 2400 mm wide corridors and 1050 mm wide doors are not required.
George R. Humphrey, Chair