Structure of Police Services in First Nation Communities
First Nation Community Policing Service
The framework allows Canada, British Columbia, a First Nation community or a group of First Nations communities to enter a Community Tripartite Agreement for RCMP First Nations Community Policing Service.
Under a Community Tripartite Agreement, British Columbia pays 48 percent of policing costs and Canada pays 52 percent.
In 2014, the First Nations Community Policing Service had an authorized strength of 108.5 officers to provide enhanced policing services to approximately 130 First Nation communities in B.C. through 55 Community Tripartite Agreements.
A policing agreement between the province, the District of West Vancouver and the Squamish and Tsleil-Waututh (Tslay-wa-tooth) First Nations created the RCMP and West Vancouver Police Department integrated First Nations policing unit. The agreement covers reserve lands located in North Vancouver, West Vancouver and the Squamish Valley.
Additionally, a policing agreement between Canada, the province, the Corporation of Delta and the Tsawwassen First Nation sees the Delta Police Department deliver enhanced policing to the Tsawwassen First Nation.
First Nations Administered Police Services
The Stl'atl'imx (Stat-la-mick) Tribal Police Service is the only First Nations administered police service in British Columbia. The Stl'atl'imx Tribal Police Service is a designated policing unit under the Police Act. Its structure is modeled on an independent municipal police department.
For more information on the Stl'atl'imx Tribal Police Service, see our First Nations Policing page.