Last updated on April 6, 2021

Rangeland is land that supports vegetation consumed by livestock or wildlife, that is managed as a natural ecosystem. B.C.'s private and Crown rangelands span the province and encompass ecosystems including alpine, subalpine, community pastures, forestlands (logged or not), grasslands, parklands, shrub lands, riparian areas (wetlands and rivers).

B.C. rangelands include dense coniferous forests, open coniferous forests maintained by fire, dry valley bottoms with bunchgrasses, moist/wet meadows, hardwood forests, mixed prairie, and alpine environments. These forage areas present unique management challenges. About 80 percent of rangeland in B.C. is on Crown land. The rest is privately owned.


Types of rangeland ecosystems

Rangeland refers to any land supporting vegetation that can be consumed by domestic livestock and wildlife, and is managed as a natural ecosystem. Rangelands are located throughout most of British Columbia and include:

  • Alpine
  • Community pastures
  • Forestlands (logged and unlogged)
  • Grasslands
  • Parkland
  • Shrub lands
  • Subalpine
  • Riparian areas (wetlands and rivers)
  • Private and Crown Rangelands
  • Rangelands are either owned privately or by the Crown and are managed to supply forage for both livestock and wildlife

Access to crown forage

Government supports the economic viability of existing ranching operations in British Columbia by ensuring continued access to Crown land for grazing and haycutting. The province manages Crown range resources through tenures issued under the Range Act or the Land Act.

Range Act:

Grazing and hay-cutting tenures are issued under the Range Act as either licences (15-25 year terms) or permits (up to 10-year terms).  

Land Act:

Grazing leases have traditionally been issued under the Land Act as 20-year tenures. Applications for new grazing leases are no longer available but existing grazing leases can be renewed upon application. 


Pasture and range health

Pasture and range health depend on the maintenance and balance of the soil, vegetation, water and air, as well as the ecological processes of the grazing land ecosystem. 


Grazing management

When developing a grazing management plan it’s important to consider grazing frequency and usage of every pasture in your grazing rotation.


Drought management

Pasture management during drought:


Contact your natural resource district if you have questions about rangeland licensing and leasing, haycutting, rangeland management and practices or recreational rangeland use.

Contact AgriService BC if you have questions about agricultural best practices on rangeland or management plans

Cattle foraging on rangeland
Cattle foraging

Rangeland is land that supports vegetation consumed by livestock or wildlife. 

Contact Information

Contact AgriService BC if you have questions about:

  • Agricultural grazing best practices
  • Agricultural management plans