Publications – Will MacKenzie

Position Title: Provincial Research Ecologist

Contact: B.C. Government Directory

Will manages the provincial ecological classification and is actively building software and analytical tools for collection, management, and analysis of the provinces ecological data. Modelling the spatial distribution of ecosystems and the effects of climate change on BEC are current major research themes.

Current research projects

  • Climate Change Informed Species Selection
  • Modern Portfolio Theory optimization of landscape tree species diversity
  • Biodiversity conservation and BEC
  • Predictive Ecosystem Mapping through machine-learning and LiDAR
  • Formalized analytical methods of BEC
  • Development of a provincial classification of subalpine and alpine ecosystems

Publications

Listed in order of publication date.

2017:

  • MacKenzie, W.H. and  D.V.Meidinger. 2017.  The Biogeoclimatic Ecosystem Classification Approach: an ecological framework for vegetation classification. Phytocoenologia 48(2): 203-213.

2015:

  • MacKenzie, W.H. [editor]. 2015. Field manual for describing terrestrial ecosystems 2nd edition. Prov. B.C., Victoria, B.C.  Land Manage.Handb. No. 25. 285.pp

2014:

  • Banner, A., W.H. MacKenzie, J. Pojar, A. MacKinnon, S.C. Saunders, and H. Klassen. 2014. A field guide to ecosystem classification and identification for Haida Gwaii. Prov. B.C., Victoria, B.C. Land Manag. Handb. 68. www.for.gov.bc.ca/hfd/pubs/Docs/Lmh/Lmh68.htm.

2012:

  • MacKenzie, W. 2012. Biogeoclimatic Ecosystem Classification of Non-forested Ecosystems in British Columbia. Prov. B.C., Victoria, B.C. Tech. Rep. 068. www.for.gov.bc.ca/hfd/pubs/Docs/Tr/Tr068.htm [Link]
  • Marr, K.L,  R. J. Hebda, and W. H. MacKenzie. 2012. New alpine plant records for British Columbia and a previously unrecognized biogeographical element in western North America. Botany 90: 445–455.
  • DeLong, C., A. Banner, W. H. MacKenzie, B. J. Rogers, and B. Kaytor. 2012. A field guide to ecosystem identification for the Boreal White and Black Spruce Zone of British Columbia. B.C. Min. For. Range, For. Sci. Prog., Victoria, B.C. Land Manag. Handb. No. 65. https://www.for.gov.bc.ca/hfd/pubs/Docs/Lmh/Lmh65.pdf

2011:

  • DeLong, C., A. Banner, W.H. MacKenzie, B.J. Rogers, and B. Kaytor. 2011. A field guide to ecosystem identification for the Boreal White and Black Spruce Zone of British Columbia. B.C. Min. For. Range, For. Sci. Prog., Victoria, B.C. Land Manag. Handb. No. 65. www.for.gov.bc.ca/hfd/pubs/Docs/Lmh/Lmh65.htm [Link]
  • MacKenzie, W. 2011. New coding schemes for biogeoclimatic site units. Know. Manage. Br. Nat. Resource Sec., Victoria, B.C. Exten. Note 106. www.for.gov.bc.ca/hfd/pubs/Docs/En/En106.htm [Link]
  • Marr, K.L., R.J. Hebda, and W.H. MacKenzie. 2011. Alpine Plant Range Extensions for Northern British Columbia, Including Two Species New to the Province. Can. Field Nat. 125(3):227-234. [Link]

2010:

  • DeLong, S.C., H. Griesbauer, W. MacKenzie, and V. Foord. 2010. Corroboration of biogeoclimatic ecosystem classification climate zonation by spatially modelled climate data. BC Journal of Ecosystems and Management 10(3):49-64. 
  • Kranabetter, J.M. and W.H. MacKenzie. 2010. Contrasts Among Mycorrhizal Plant Guilds in Foliar Nitrogen Concentration and d15N Along Productivity Gradients of a Boreal Forest. Ecosystems 13(1):108-117. [Link]

2009:

  • Kranabetter, J.M., D.M. Durall, and W.H. MacKenzie. 2009. Diversity and species distribution of ectomycorrhizal fungi along productivity gradients of a southern boreal forest. Mycorrhiza 19(2):99-111. [Link]

2007:

  • Cocksedge, W., B. Titus, and W. MacKenzie. 2007. Science, stewardship and non-timber forest products. In: The Art and Science of Sustainable Resource Management Planning: Science Forum Proceedings, September 27-28, 2006. BC Journal of Ecosystems and Management 7(3):57-60. 
  • Kranabetter, J.M., P. Williston, and W.H. MacKenzie. 2007. Distribution and diversity of terrestrial mosses, liverworts and lichens along productivity gradients of a southern boreal forest. [PDF 236KB]

2006:

  • Hamilton, E.H. 2006. Fire Effects and Post-burn Vegetation Development in the Sub-Boreal Spruce Zone: Mackenzie (Windy Point) Site. B.C. Min. For. Range, Res. Br., Victoria, B.C. Tech. Rep. 033. http://www.for.gov.bc.ca/hfd/pubs/Docs/Tr/Tr033.htm [Link]

2005:

  • Meidinger, D.V., W.H. MacKenzie, and A.P. Walton. 2005. BECWeb: Biogeoclimatic Ecosystem Classfification Program Website. B.C. Min. For. Range, For. Sci. Prog., Victoria, B.C. http://www.for.gov.bc.ca/hre/becweb/index.html [Link]

2004:

  • MacKenzie, W.H. 2004. Plant Associations as Ecosystems: Issues in Application to At-risk Status. in T.D. Hooper, editor. Proceedings of the Species at Risk 2004 Pathways to Recovery Conference. March 2-6, 2004, Victoria, B.C. Species at Risk 2004 Pathways to Recovery Conference Organizing Committee, Victoria, B.C. 
  • MacKenzie, W.H. and J.R. Moran. 2004. Wetlands of British Columbia: A Guide to Identification. B.C. Min. For., Res. Br., Victoria, B.C. Land Manag. Handb. 52. http://www.for.gov.bc.ca/hfd/pubs/Docs/Lmh/Lmh52.htm [Link]

2000:

  • Banner, A. and W.H. MacKenzie. 2000. The ecology of wetland ecosystems. B.C. Min. For., Res. Br., Victoria, B.C. Exten. Note 45. http://www.for.gov.bc.ca/hfd/pubs/Docs/En/En45.htm [Link]
  • MacKenzie, W.H. and J. Shaw. 2000. Wetland classification and habitats at risk in British Columbia. In: Proceedings of a conference on the biology and management of species and habitats at risk. Volume II, editor L. M. Darling, 537-547. Victoria, B.C.: B.C. Ministry of Environment, Lands, and Parks. [PDF 297KB]

1999:

  • MacKenzie, W.H., D. Remington, and J. Shaw. 1999. Estuaries on the North Coast of British Columbia: a reconnaissance survey of selected sites [Draft document]. B.C. Min. For. and B.C. Min. Environ., Lands and Parks, Smithers, B.C. [PDF 4176KB]
  • Steventon, J.D., P.K. Ott, and K.L. MacKenzie. 1999. Effect of partial cutting on predation risk to artificial bird nests. Can. J. For. Res. 29(12):1911-1915. [Link]

1998:

  • Banner, A. and W.H. MacKenzie. 1998. Riparian areas: providing landscape habitat diversity - part 5 of 7. B.C. Min. For., Res. Br., Victoria, B.C. Exten. Note 17. http://www.for.gov.bc.ca/hfd/pubs/Docs/En/En17.htm [Link]
  • Steventon, J.D., K.L. MacKenzie, and T.E. Mahon. 1998. Response of small mammals and birds to partial cutting and clearcutting in northwest British Columbia. For. Chron. 74(5):703-713. [Link]

1997:

  • MacKenzie, W.H. 1997. Classification and management of wetland and riparian ecosystems - final report. Forest Renewal B.C. Ref. No. HQ96369-RE and Science Council of B.C. Ref. No. FR-96/97-690, Victoria, B.C. [PDF 777KB]

1996:

  • MacKenzie, K. and D. Steventon. 1996. Bird Use of a Patch Retention Treatment in SBSmc Forests. Forest Sciences, Prince Rupert For. Region. Ext. Note 16. 

1993:

  • Banner, A., W.H. MacKenzie, S. Haeussler, S. Thomson, J. Pojar, and R.L. Trowbridge. 1993. A Field Guide to Site Identification and Interpretation for the Prince Rupert Forest Region (Part 1, Part 2, and Supplement No. 1). B.C. Min. For., Res. Br., Victoria, B.C. Land Manag. Handb. 26. http://www.for.gov.bc.ca/hfd/pubs/docs/Lmh/Lmh26.htm [Link]