Publications – Chang-Yi Xie

This researcher no longer works for the B.C. Government.


Listed in order of publication date.

2016 to 2020:


  • Cappa, E.P., Stoehr, M.U., Xie, C.-Y., and Yanchuk, A.D. 2016. Identification and joint modeling of competition effects and environmental heterogeneity in three Douglas-fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii var. menziesii ) trials. Tree Genet and Genomes: DOI: 10.1007/s11295-016-1061-4.

2011 to 2015:


  • Xie, C-Y., M.R. Carlson, and C.C. Ying. 2012. Ecotypic mode of regional differentiation of black cottonwood (Populus trichocarpa) due to restricted gene migration: further evidence from a field test on the northern coast of British Columbia. Can. J. For. Res. 42(2):400-405 

2006 to 2010:


  • Xie, C-Y., C.C. Ying, A.D. Yanchuk, and D.L. Holowachuk. 2009. Ecotypic mode of regional differentiation caused by restricted gene migration: a case in black cottonwood (Populus trichocarpa) along the Pacific Northwest coast. Can. J. For. Res. 39(3):519-526.


  • O'Neill, G.A., N.K. Ukrainetz, M.R. Carlson, C.V. Cartwright, B.C. Jaquish, J.N. King, J. Krakowski, J.H. Russell, M.U. Stoehr, C-Y. Xie, and A.D. Yanchuk. 2008. Assisted migration to address climate change in British Columbia: recommendations for interim seed transfer standards. B.C. Min. For. Range, Res. Br., Victoria, B.C. Tech. Rep. 048.
  • Stoehr, M., A. Yanchuk, C-Y. Xie, and L. Sanchez. 2008. Gain and diversity in advanced generation coastal Douglas-fir selections for seed production populations. Tree Genetics Genomes 4(2):193-200.
  • Xie, C-Y. 2008. Ten-year results from red alder ( Alnus rubra Bong.) provenance-progeny testing and their implications for genetic improvement. New Forests 36(3):273-284.


  • Xie, C-Y., J.C. Murphy, and M.R. Carlson. 2007. Predicting individual breeding values and making forward selections from open-pollinated progeny test trials for seed orchard establishment of interior Lodgepole Pine (Pinus contorta ssp. latifolia) in British Columbia. New Forests 33(2):125-138. 


  • Xie, C-Y., Y-B. Fu, and A. Yanchuk. 2006. Accuracy of ranking individuals for forward selection in advanced generation progeny testing with different field designs: a computer simulation. Silvae Genetica 55(2):70-77. 

2000 to 2005:


  • Xie, C-Y. 2005. Technical Advisory Committee for Coastal Hardwood Species Established. TICtalk 6(1):8.



  • Chen, X., B.J. Hawkins, C-Y. Xie, and C.C. Ying. 2003. Age trends in genetic parameters and early selection of lodge-pole pine provenance with particular reference to the Lambeth model. For. Gen. 10(3):249-258. 
  • Xie, C-Y. and A. Yanchuk. 2003. Breeding Values of Parental Trees, Genetic Worth of Seed Orchard Seedlots, and Yields of Improved Stocks in British Columbia. West. J. Appl. For. 18(2):88-100. 


  • Xie, C-Y. 2002. Genotype by environment interaction and its implications for genetic improvement of interior spruce in British Columbia. Can. J. For. Res. 33(9):1635-1643.
  • Xie, C-Y. and A.D. Yanchuk. 2002. Genetic Parameters of Height and Diameter of Interior Spruce in British Columbia. For. Gen. 9(1):9-18. 
  • Ying, C.C., C-Y. Xie, and Y. El-Kassaby. 2002. Genetics of Red Alder population is British Columbia and its implications for gene resources management. New Forests 24(2):97-112. 

1999 and earlier:




  • Xie, C-Y. and C.C. Ying. 1995. Genetic architecture and adaptive landscape of interior lodgepole pine (Pinus contorta ssp. latifolia) in Canada. Can. J. For. Res. 25(12):2010-2021./
  • Xie, C-Y. and C.C. Ying. 1995. Heritabilities, Age-Age Correlations and Early Selection in Lodgepole Pine (Pinus contorta ssp. Latifolia). Silvae Genetica 45(2/3):101-107. 
  • Xie, C-Y., W.D. Johnstone, and C.C. Ying. 1995. Spacing and Provenance effects on the performance of shore pine (Pinus contorta var contorta): 20 years results. Can. J. For. Res. 25(4):567-576.


  • Dang, Q.L., C-Y. Xie, C.C. Ying, and R.D. Guy. 1994. Genetic variation of ecophysiological variables in red alder (Alnus rubra Bong.). Can. J. For. Res. 24(11):2150-2156.
  • Xie, C-Y. and C.C. Ying. 1994. Adaptedness of noble fir (Abies procera Rehd.) beyond its northern limit. For. Sci. 40(3):412-428.
  • Xie, C-Y. and P. Knowles. 1994. Mating system and effective pollen immigration in a Norway spruce (Picea abies (L.) Karst.) plantation. Silvae Genetica 43(1):48-52. 
  • Xie, C-Y., J.G. Woods, and M.U. Stoehr. 1994. Effects of seed orchard inputs on estimating effective population size of seedlots -- a computer simulation. Silvae Genetica 43(2-3):145-154. 


  • Comeau, P.G., T.F. Braumandl, and C-Y. Xie. 1993. Effects of overtopping vegetation on light and on growth of Engelmann spruce (Picea engelmannii Parry ex Engelm.) seedlings. Can. J. For. Res. 23(10):2044-2048


  • Xie, C-Y. and C.C. Ying. 1992. Geographic variation of grand fir (Abies grandis) in the Pacific coast region: 10-year results from a provenance trial. Can. J. For. Res. 23(6):1065-1072
  • Xie, C-Y. and P. Knowles. 1992. Association between allozyme phenotypes and soil nutrients in a natural population of jack pine (Pinus banksianna Lamb.). Biochem. Syst. Ecol. 20(2):179-185.
  • Xie, C-Y. and P. Knowles. 1992. Male fertility variation in an open-pollinated plantation of Norway spruce (Picea abies (L.) Karst.). Can. J. For. Res. 22(10):1463-1468.
  • Xie, C-Y., B.P. Dancik, and F.C.H. Yeh. 1992. Genetic structure of Thuja orientalis. Biochem. Syst. Ecol. 20(5):433-441. 


  • Xie, C-Y. and P. Knowles. 1991. Spatial genetic substructure within natural populations of jack pine (Pinus banksiana Lamb.). Can. J. Bot. 69(3):547-551.  
  • Xie, C-Y., B.P. Dancik, and F.C.H. Yeh. 1991. Inheritance and linkage of isozymes in Thuja orientalis. J. Hered. 82(2):329-334. 
  • Xie, C-Y., B.P. Dancik, and F.C.H. Yeh. 1991. The mating system in natural populations of Thuja orientalis. Can. J. For. Res. 21(3):333-339. 
  • Xie, C-Y., F.C.H. Yeh, B.P. Dancik, and C. Strobeck. 1991. Joint estimation of immigration and mating system parameters in gymnosperms using the EM algorithm. Theor. Appl. Genet. 83(2):137-140.