Publications – Alex Woods

Position Title: Research Forest Pathologist

Contact: B.C. Government Directory

Alex focuses on the interactions between forest pathology, forest management and climate change drawing attention to possible incompatibilities between current practices and the goal of sustainable forest management in a rapidly changing environment. 

Current research projects

  • A pathological blind-spot in forecasting managed forest growth
  • Tomentosus root disease in managed spruce plantations of the Kispiox TSA


Listed in order of publication date.


  • Hunt, Richard S.; Murray, Michael; Reich, Richard; Rusch, David; Woods, Alex; Zeglen, Stefan. 2018. Persistence of major gene resistance in western white pine (Pinus monticola) in British Columbia. In: Schoettle, Anna W.; Sniezko, Richard A.; Kliejunas, John T., eds. 2018. Proceedings of the IUFRO joint conference: Genetics of five-needle pines, rusts of forest trees, and Strobusphere; 2014 June 15–20; Fort Collins, CO. Proc. RMRS-P-76. Fort Collins, CO: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station. 149-150.
  • Woods AJ, Frankel S. (2018) Climate Change and Abiotic Forest Disturbances, In: Compendium of conifer diseases and pests in forests and Christmas trees. Editor E. Hansen. 
  • Bowser M, Woods AJ. (in press) Chapter 2.2. “Forest Insect and Pathogen Epidemics in the Northwest Boreal Region”. In: Northwest Boreal Landscape Conservation Cooperative; Drivers of Landscape Change. Editors: E. Schroff, C Markon, J Delapp, P. Burton, D Reid, V Barber, A Ogden, T Chapin.
  • Woods AJ, Frankel S. (2018) Climate Change and Abiotic Forest Disturbances, In: Compendium of conifer diseases and pests in forests and Christmas trees. Editor E. Hansen. 


  • Woods, A.J., Coates, K.D., Watts, M., Foord, V. and E.I. Holtzman. 2017. Warning signals of adverse interactions between climate change and native stressors in British Columbia forests. Forests, Vol. 8(8), p. 1-21. doi: 10.3390/f8080280.
  • Woods AJ, Coates KD, Watts M, Foord, V, and Holtzman, E. 2017. Warning signals of adverse interactions between native stressors and climate change in British Columbia Forests. Forests, 8, 280; doi:10.3390/f8080280


  • Bulman, LS, RE Bradshaw, S Fraser, J Martín‐García, I Barnes, DL Musolin, N La Porta, AJ Woods, JJ Diez, A Koltay, R Drenkhan, R Ahumada, L Poljakovic‐Pajnik, V Queloz, B Piškur, HT Doğmuş‐Lehtijärvi, D Chira, V Tomešová‐Haataja, M Georgieva, L Jankovský, N Anselmi, S Markovskaja, I Papazova‐Anakieva, K Sotirovski, J Lazarević, K Adamčíková, P Boroń, H Bragança, AM Vettraino, AV Selikhovkin, TS Bulgakov, K Tubby. 2016. Forest Pathology, 46: 472–488. doi:10.1111/efp.12305.
  • Drenkhan, R., V Tomešová‐Haataja, S Fraser, RE Bradshaw, P Vahalik, MS Mullett, J Martín‐García, LS Bulman, MJ Wingfield, T Kirisits, TL Cech, S Schmitz, R Baden, K Tubby, A Brown, M Georgieva, A Woods, R Ahumada, L Jankovský, IM Thomsen, K Adamson, B Marçais, M Vuorinen, P Tsopelas, A Koltay, A Halasz, N La Porta, N Anselmi, R Kiesnere, S Markovskaja, A Kačergius, I Papazova‐Anakieva, M Risteski, K Sotirovski, J Lazarević, H Solheim, P Boroń, H Bragança, D Chira, DL Musolin, AV Selikhovkin, TS Bulgakov, N Keča, D Karadžić, V Galovic, P Pap, M Markovic, L Poljakovic Pajnik, V Vasic, E Ondrušková, B Piškur, D Sadiković, JJ Diez, A Solla, H Millberg, J Stenlid, A Angst, V Queloz, A Lehtijärvi, HT Doğmuş‐Lehtijärvi, F Oskay, K Davydenko, V Meshkova, D Craig, S Woodward, 2016. Forest Pathology 46: 408–442. doi:10.1111/efp.12290.
  • Frankel, SJ, Cobb R, Woods AJ.  2016. Better management of pests and diseases. In: Animon, I., ed. Forestry for a low-carbon future: integrating forests and wood products in climate change strategies. Forestry Paper 177. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Rome: 55-57.
  • Woods, AJ, Martín-García J, Bulman L, Vasconcelos MW, Boberg J, La Porta N, Peredo H, Vergara G, Ahumada R, Brown A, and Diez JJ. 2016. Dothistroma needle blight, weather and possible climatic triggers for the disease's recent emergence. Forest Pathology, 46: 443–452. doi:10.1111/efp 12248.


  • Welsh, C, Lewis KJ and Woods AJ. 2014. Regional outbreak dynamics of Dothistroma needle blight linked to weather patterns in British Columbia, Canada. Canadian Journal of Forest Research. 44(3): 212-219,
  • Woods, AJ. 2014. Warmer and wetter might not be better- Short Review. Journal of Forest Science. 60, 484-486.


  • Woods, A, Coates KD.  2013. Are biotic disturbance agents challenging basic tenets of growth and yield and sustainable forest management?- Forestry: An International Journal of Forest Research, Volume 86, Issue 5, 1 December 2013, Pages 543–554.


  • Sturrock, R. N., S. J. Frankel, A. V. Brown, P. E. Hennon, J. T. Kliejunas, K. J. Lewis, J. J. Worrall, and A. J. Woods. 2011. Climate Change and Forest Diseases.  Plant Pathology 60 (1), 133-149.
  • Woods A, Bergerud W, Zeglen S, Barber F. 2011. Monitoring Post-Free-Growing Stand Conditions In Five Timber Supply Areas Throughout British Columbia: What Are We Seeing So Far? FREP Extension Note #18.
  • Woods, A. 2011.  Is the health of British Columbia's forests being influenced by climate change? If so, was this predictable? Symposium contribution. Canadian Journal of Plant Pathology, 33 (2), 117-126.


  • Alfaro RI, Battisti A, Carroll A, Fleming R, Hantula J, Francis D, Hennon PE, Lanfranco D, Lilja A, Müller M, Ramos M, and Woods A. 2010. Forest Health in a Changing Environment; IUFRO World Series, vol 25 113-124.
  • Woods, A.J., D. Heppner, H.H. Kope, J. Burleigh, and L. Maclauchlan. 2010. Forest health and climate change: A British Columbia perspective. For. Chron. 86(4):412-422. [Link]



  • Woods, A, Bergerud WA.  2008. Are Free-growing Stands Meeting Timber Productivity Expectations in the Lakes Timber Supply Area? Ministry of Forests and Range, Forest and Range Evaluation Program. Forest Practices Branch FREP Rep. 013. Victoria, BC.


  • Woods, A.J. and G.A. O'Neill. 2006. What effects will a changing climate have on lodgepole pine in British Columbia?. In: Proceedings of the 54th annual western international forest disease work conference, Smithers, BC, Canada. Edited by M.B. Jackson. Missoula, MT: US Dept of Agriculture, Forest Service, Forest Health Protection. Pp. 67-76.


  • Woods AJ, 2005. “Predicted Impacts of Hard Pine Stem Rusts on Lodgepole Pine Dominated Stands in Central British Columbia: Were our Assumptions Valid?” FSP Project Number: Y051207
  • Woods, A., K.D. Coates, and A. Hamann. 2005. Is an Unprecedented Dothistroma Needle Blight Epidemic Related to Climate Change?. BioScience 55(9):761-769. [PDF 848KB] 


  • Woods AJ, Zeglen S. 2003. - Impact of feeding damage by the porcupine on western hemlock Sitka spruce forests of north-coastal British Columbia: 15-year results. Canadian Journal of Forest Research, 33(10): 1983-1989,
  • Woods, AJ. 2003. Species diversity and forest health in northwest British Columbia. The Forestry Chronicle. 79 (5) 892-897.


  • Woods AJ, Nussbaum A, Golding B. 2000. Predicted impacts of hard pine stem rusts on lodgepole pine dominated stands in central British Columbia. Canadian Journal of Forest Research, 30(3): 476-481,


  • Woods AJ – 1994. The behaviour and impacts of Armillaria ostoyae in mature stands and plantations in the Shuswap region of British Columbia. University of British Columbia Library  doi: 10.14288/1.0103805