Five Stages Framework for K-12 Education

The Five Stage Framework for K-12 Education outlines expectations for B.C. elementary, middle and secondary schools for learning during COVID-19.

Last updated: July 29, 2020

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What Happens in Each Stage?

School districts and independent schools must have the necessary plans in place to be able to shift quickly between stages if and when required.

Stage 1 is full-time in-class instruction for all students in all grades. No learning group or density requirements.

Schools will not enter Stage 1 until the Province moves to Phase 4 of the BC Restart Plan. This is conditional on global availability of a vaccine or treatment. 

 

Stage 2: In-class learning, learning group requirements

Schools will enter Stage 2 in September 2020. 

Learning Group Size

  • Elementary: 60
  • Middle: 60
  • Secondary: 120

Density Targets

  • Not applicable

Instruction Method

Full-time instruction for all students for the maximum instructional time possible within learning group limits.

Self-directed learning supports in-class instruction, if required.

 

Stage 3: In-class and remote learning, learning group requirements, density targets

Learning Group Size

  • Elementary: 30
  • Middle: 30
  • Secondary: 60

Density Targets

  • 50% for all schools

Instruction Method

Full-time instruction for:

  • Children of essential service workers
  • Students with disabilities/diverse abilities
  • Students who require additional supports

In-class instruction for all other students for the maximum time possible within learning group limits and density targets.

Self-directed and remote learning supports in-class instruction.

 

Stage 4: In-class and remote learning, learning group requirements, density targets

Learning Group Size

  • Elementary: 30
  • Middle: 30
  • Secondary: 30

Density Targets

  • 25% for all schools

Instruction Method

Full-time instruction for:

  • Children of essential service workers
  • Students with disabilities/diverse abilities
  • Students who require additional supports

In-class instruction for all other students for the maximum time possible within learning group limits and density targets.

Self-directed and remote learning supports in-class instruction.

Learning Group Size

  • Not applicable

Density Target

  • 0% for all schools

Instruction Method

Self-directed and remote learning only.

 


Why the Framework was Developed

The goal of the Framework is to maximize in-class instruction for all students while meeting the revised BC Centre for Disease Control (BCCDC) school safety guidelines. This is supported by four foundational principles:

  • Maintain a healthy and safe environment for all students, families and staff
  • Provide the services needed to support the children of our essential workers (ESWs)
  • Support vulnerable students who may need special assistance
  • Provide continuity of educational opportunity for all students

The Framework aligns with BC’s Restart Plan and includes comprehensive COVID-19 health and safety measures. Having students in the classroom helps to minimize learning gaps and provide the academic, social and emotional supports essential for learning.