The Independent Investigations Office
The Independent Investigation Office (IIO) conducts criminal investigations into police-related incidents involving death or serious harm. The most severe consequence for an officer as a result of an IIO investigation is a criminal charge.
A civilian director who has never served as a police officer leads the IIO. The position is a five-year, order-in-council appointment. The director may hire former police officers as investigators if they have not served in B.C. in the past five years. The Police Act outlines the director's responsibilities.
The IIO is accountable to the Deputy Attorney General.
B.C. police agencies signed a Memorandum of Understanding with the IIO in 2012. It addresses all aspects of investigations including:
- Notification to the IIO
- Scene security
- Designation of subject and witness officers
- Concurrent investigations
The Office of the Police Complaints Commissioner is an independent office of the legislature. It examines the conduct of members of independent municipal police departments. It does not engage in criminal investigations.
The federal Civilian Review and Complaints Commission responds to complaints about the conduct of members of the RCMP.