Crime, Police, and Police Resource Statistics
B.C. Crime Trends and Statistics
British Columbia crime statistics are available in five web publications. These web publications contain information on the type and incidence of reported crime in B.C.
To recognize the “core city” effect and provide a more complete picture of crime in B.C., the summary crime statistics publications include Regional District crime statistics, which aggregate the offences for policing jurisdictions into their Regional Districts.
Comparisons of crime statistics between jurisdictions, provinces, and years should be made with caution, as many factors influence police-reported crime statistics other than actual changes in crime. Changes in 2018 and 2019 are attributable in part to changes in reporting practices. In January 2018, Statistics Canada updated the definitions of “founded” and “unfounded” crimes in its reporting methodology for police services across Canada to represent a “victim-centred approach” to recording crimes. These changes were predicted to increase the number of “founded” incidents and decrease clearance rates. Many police agencies across Canada implemented these changes at varying points throughout 2018. B.C.’s roll-out of these changes occurred in 2019, and as such, the definitional changes likely impacted B.C.’s crime statistics in 2019.
Note: The data contained in these publications may vary slightly from previous releases. The most current release reflects the most accurate and up-to-date data.
- Crime Statistics in British Columbia, 2019
Crime Statistics in British Columbia, 2019
- B.C. Crime Trends, 2010 - 2019
B.C. Crime Trends, 2010 - 2019
- B.C. Regional District Crime Trends, 2010 - 2019
B.C. Regional District Crime Trends, 2010 - 2019
- B.C. Policing Jurisdiction Crime Trends, 2010 - 2019
B.C. Policing Jurisdiction Crime Trends, 2010 - 2019
- Overview of Data Collection, 2019
Crime Data Sources
- Statistics Canada. 2020. Table 35-10-0184-01 Incident-based crime statistics, by detailed violations, police services in British Columbia. Statistics Canada database. Released October 29, 2020 (accessed October 29, 2020).
- Statistics Canada. 2020. Table 35-10-0063-01 Crime severity index and weighted clearance rates, police services in British Columbia. Statistics Canada database. Released October 29, 2020 (accessed October 29, 2020).
Population Data Source
- BC Stats, Ministry of Citizens' Services, Province of British Columbia. Last updated February 2020.
- Total Criminal Code of Canada (CCC) counts exclude traffic offences.
- Crime rates are calculated on the basis of 1,000 population; population estimates are provided by BC Stats.
- Population estimates provided by BC Stats may vary from those provided by Statistics Canada.
- Crime statistics publications are not comparable with publications released in other years for two reasons:
- Population estimates provided by BC Stats are sometimes retroactively adjusted to reflect updated census boundaries according to current policing jurisdiction boundaries; and
- During the production of each year’s crime statistics, data from the previous year are revised to reflect any updates or changes that have been reported to Statistics Canada from individual police services.
- The policing jurisdictions utilized in crime statistics reports published by Policing and Security Branch reflect operational policing in B.C. and may vary from those provided by Statistics Canada.
- For a more comprehensive version of our data qualifiers, please see Overview of Crime Data Collection in British Columbia.
Police Use-of-Force Data
The Police Intermediate Weapon report presents a summary of police intermediate-weapon uses in B.C. between 2012 and 2019.
The Police Firearm report presents a summary of police firearm-discharge incidents in B.C. between 2007 and 2019 and police firearm-display incidents in B.C. in 2019.
The Conducted Energy Weapon (CEWs) report presents a 10-year summary and trend analysis of intermediate-weapon use among police agencies in B.C. between 2007 and 2016.
The following tables present data collected annually pursuant to the British Columbia Provincial Policing Standards (BCPPS) on the use of Conducted Energy Weapons (CEWs): 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018, and 2019.
Policing and Security Branch supports the Justice System Open Data Initiative by publishing datasets to DataBC. Crime and policing related datasets capturing data from 2008 to 2018 were added to DataBC in 2020.
Open Data Sources Definitions and Data Qualifiers describes and qualifies the data sources and definitions used in the datasets.
Police Resources in British Columbia (2019) contains information about policing costs, strengths and caseloads within the province. It also provides an overview of policing functions and responsibilities, a complete list of municipal, provincial and First Nations policing jurisdictions, and statistics about police resources.
Note: The data contained in this publication may vary slightly from previous releases. The most current release reflects the most accurate and up-to-date data.