Crime, Police, and Police Resource Statistics

B.C. Crime Trends and Statistics

British Columbia crime statistics are available in five web publications. These web publications contain information on the type and incidence of reported crime in B.C.

To recognize the “core city” effect and provide a more complete picture of crime in British Columbia, the summary crime statistics publications now include Regional District crime statistics, which aggregate the offences for policing jurisdictions into their Regional Districts.

The “core city” effect can be seen in municipalities that serve as core centres for visitors from surrounding areas, who travel into and out of the municipal boundaries for work, entertainment, shopping, or other reasons. These regular visitors are not included in the population figures used to calculate crime rates. As a result, municipalities that are “core cities” often have higher crime rates compared to surrounding areas and may also have higher crime rates compared to municipalities that are not “core cities”.

Note: The data contained in these publications may vary slightly from previous releases. The most current release reflects the most accurate and up-to-date data.

Sources:

Crime Data Sources

  • Statistics Canada. 2019. Table 35-10-0184-01 Incident-based crime statistics, by detailed violations, police services in British Columbia. Statistics Canada database. Released July 22, 2019 (accessed July 22, 2019).
  • Statistics Canada. 2019. Table 35-10-0063-01 Crime severity index and weighted clearance rates, police services in British Columbia. Statistics Canada database. Released July 22, 2019 (accessed July 22, 2019).

Population Data Source

  • BC Stats, Ministry of Jobs, Trade & Technology, Province of British Columbia. Last updated April 2019.

Data Qualifiers

  • Total Criminal Code of Canada (CCC) counts exclude traffic offences.
  • Crime rates are calculated on the basis of 1,000 population; population estimates are provided by BC Stats.
  • Population estimates provided by BC Stats may vary from those provided by Statistics Canada.
  • Crime statistics publications are not comparable with publications released in other years for two reasons:
    • Population estimates provided by BC Stats are sometimes retroactively adjusted to reflect updated census boundaries according to current policing jurisdiction boundaries; and
    • During the production of each year’s crime statistics, data from the previous year are revised to reflect any updates or changes that have been reported to Statistics Canada from individual police services.
  • The policing jurisdictions utilized in crime statistics reports published by Policing and Security Branch reflect operational policing in BC and may vary from those provided by Statistics Canada.
  • For a more comprehensive version of our data qualifiers, please see Overview of Crime Data Collection in British Columbia.

Police Use-of-Force Data

The following tables present data collected annually pursuant to the British Columbia Provincial Policing Standards (BCPPS) on the use of Police Service Dogs: 2016, 2017 and 2018.

The Police Intermediate Weapon report presents a summary of police intermediate-weapon uses in B.C. between 2012 and 2018.

The Police Firearm Discharges report presents a summary of police firearm-discharge incidents in B.C. between 2007 and 2018.

The Conducted Energy Weapon (CEWs) report presents a 10-year summary and trend analysis of intermediate-weapon use among police agencies in B.C. between 2007 and 2016.

The following tables present data collected annually pursuant to the British Columbia Provincial Policing Standards (BCPPS) on the use of Conducted Energy Weapons (CEWs): 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017 and 2018.

Justice System Open Data Initiative

Policing and Security Branch supports the Justice System Open Data Initiative by publishing datasets to DataBC. Crime and policing related datasets capturing data from 2007 to 2017 were added to DataBC in 2019.

Open Data Sources Definitions and Data Qualifiers describes and qualifies the data sources and definitions used in the datasets.

Police Resource Statistics

Police Resources in British Columbia (2017) contains information about policing costs, strengths and caseloads within the province. It also provides an overview of policing functions and responsibilities, a complete list of municipal, provincial and First Nations policing jurisdictions, and statistics about police resources.

Note: The data contained in this publication may vary slightly from previous releases. The most current release reflects the most accurate and up-to-date data.