Waste Management

B.C. is proud to be a leader in sustainable environmental management. Effective waste management procedures and solutions contribute a great deal to preserving our environment.

To manage waste, first determine if a material is waste and if so, what type it is; then find out what rules apply. Each section below will help you identify your waste and provide guidance for the applicable rules. If you are not able to define the waste, or the rules are difficult to understand, an environmental consultant may be of help.

Waste Discharge Authorization

The Waste Discharge Regulation defines what industries, activities and operations require authorizations to discharge or release waste to the air, water, and land under the Environmental Management Act (EMA) in B.C. Find out how to apply and what is required to obtain an authorization.

Food & Organic Waste

In a circular economy, food & organic waste are not landfilled but instead are used as a valuable resource for communities. Take the green approach. Discover ways to prevent food waste and champion responsible organics prevention in your community.


Take the green approach. Reducing and reusing saves waste removal costs and helps protect our natural resources. That makes recycling the healthiest part of a waste management plan. Discover ways you can champion recycling in your community.

Zero Waste & Circular Economy

Canadians dispose of more municipal solid waste per capita than any other country in the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development according to a Conference Board of Canada report. However, there is a positive business case for reducing the amount of waste we generate in British Columbia.


Local governments are responsible for preventing and disposing of solid waste for homes and businesses in their area. Managing municipal solid waste minimizes environmental impacts and supports sustainable environmental management, greenhouse gas reduction and air and water quality.


Sewage (or wastewater) from homes and businesses is treated and discharged from treatment facilities throughout the province. Facilities vary in size, treatment level and ownership type. Most large scale treatment facilities in the province are owned and operated by municipalities or regional governments.

Hazardous Waste

To prevent harming human health and the environment, it’s essential that hazardous waste is handled, stored, transported, treated and disposed of properly.

Waste that is classified/defined as hazardous waste must be managed according to the rules and standards set out by the Environmental Management Act and the Hazardous Waste Regulation.

Industrial Waste

Our environmental standards and management approaches strive to establish world-leading requirements to protect air, land and water quality.