Employees Excluded from the Act - Regulation Part 7, Section 32
This section identifies persons, when performing specific types of employment duties, or when receiving certain types of income assistance or benefits are not covered by the Act.
32. (1) The Act does not apply to any of the following:
(a) a student who is employed, by a board as defined in the School Act or an authority as defined in the Independent School Act, to work at the secondary school where he or she is enrolled;
(b) a student enrolled at a secondary school under the supervision of a board as defined in the School Act or an authority as defined in the Independent School Act in a work study, work experience or occupational study class;
(d) Repealed. [BC Reg. 396/95, s.32(2).];
(e) Repealed. [BC Reg.356/97, s.(a)];
(f) a person who is a claimant, as defined in the Employment Insurance Act (Canada), and is
(i) attending a course or program of instruction or training referred to in section 25 (1) (a) of that Act, or
(ii) participating in any other employment activity referred to in section 25 (1) (b) of that Act.
(g) Repealed. [B.C. Reg. 32/2018, s. 3.]
(3) The Act does not apply to a person receiving
(a) income assistance or supplements under the Employment and Assistance Act,
(b) disability assistance or supplements under the Employment and Assistance for Persons with Disabilities Act,
(c) Repealed. [B.C. Reg. 36/2019, s. 3(a).]
while the person is participating in a time-limited government program that provides on-site training or work experience and is operated under an act referred to in paragraph (a) or (b).
Section 3 of the Employment Standards Act establishes that the Act applies to all employees other than those excluded by regulation, as is the case for certain employees and persons identified in this section.
Specifically, under this section of the Regulation, the Act does not apply to persons who:
- perform the work activities specifically described; or
- are receiving certain types of income assistance, allowances or benefits.
Certain types of work activities
The Act does not apply to persons identified in this section who perform specific work activities, as listed in subsection (1)(a) through (g)
Specific information regarding some of the employees performing certain types of work as identified in subsection (1) is as follows:
- Subsection 32 (1) (a) and (b) Refer to definition of “independent school ” in s.1 of this Regulation.
- Subsection 32 (1) (c) Refer to the definition of “sitter” in s.1 of this Regulation.
A “sitter” is employed solely to attend to a child, or a disabled, infirm or other person in a private residence, not a day care facility. A “sitter” does not reside in the private residence where they work.
A “sitter” should also be distinguished from other types of personal caregivers. For more information, refer to the definitions of the following:
Employment Standards Act, section 1.
Employment Standards Regulation, section 1
- “live-in home support worker”
- “night attendant”
- “residential care worker”
Under this subsection, a person who is a "claimant" under the Employment Insurance Act (Canada) is not covered by the Act as long as they are attending a course or program or training, or participating in another employment activity under s.25 of that Act. For further information, contact Service Canada.
A person is excluded from the Act when they are receiving income assistance or benefits or disability assistance under one of the Acts named in this subsection and is:
- Participating in a time-limited government program
- Receiving on-site training or work experience provided by the government program
The funding government agency determines eligibility and criteria.
Assessing whether a person is excluded by this regulation
The onus is on the group or person providing work experience or training to prove that an individual is excluded from the Act under this regulation.
Independent School Act
Employment Insurance Act
Employment and Assistance Act
Employment and Assistance for Persons with Disabilities Act