BCAB #1778 - Application of Sentence 18.104.22.168.(2) to Drug and Alcohol Recovery Home
January 26, 2016
Re: Application of Sentence 22.214.171.124.(2) to Drug and Alcohol Recovery Home
Code Edition: 2012
Code Division: B - Requirements
Code Reference: Part 9 – Small Buildings
The project is a conversion of an existing single family residence to accommodate residents recovering from drug and alcohol addictions. The project is proposed to be registered as an Assisted Living residence under the applicable Provincial legislation. Residents are ambulatory and will number no more than 10, including one staff person.
Reason for Appeal
There is a disagreement on whether the requirements of Sentence 126.96.36.199.(2) apply to this facility.
The appellant contends that the building is a residential occupancy, and that the requirements of Sentence 188.8.131.52.(2) do not apply. No “care,” as defined by the code, is provided by facility management. There is a staff person that lives in the facility to help co-ordinate activities such as food delivery, drug and alcohol testing, and to enforce facility rules.
Local Authority’s Position
The Local Authority maintains that the drug and alcohol recovery home is a care occupancy as defined by the code and must conform to the requirements for a residential care facility in Sentence 184.108.40.206.(2). These requirements are a relaxation from the code’s more stringent requirements for care facilities and represent the minimum acceptable level of safety for this type of facility. Further, the Ministry of Health’s publication Assisted Living and Residential Care Fire and Life Safety guidelines notes that a residential care facility is a care (formerly care and treatment) occupancy per the BC Building Code.
Appeal Board Decision #1778
It is the determination of the Board that the facility in question does not provide care as defined by Article 220.127.116.11. of the BC Building Code, nor is it a “care facility accepted for residential use pursuant to provincial legislation” as described in Sentence 18.104.22.168.(2). The facility in question is a Group C, residential occupancy.
Reason for Decision
The occupants are not resident in the facility due to “cognitive, physical or behavioural limitations.”
The provincial government publication Assisted Living and Residential Care Fire and Life Safety, notes that both supportive and assisted living housing can be classified as Group C occupancies.
Maura Gatensby, Acting Chair