Grizzly bears are an integral part of maintaining ecosystems in B.C. – having a healthy population makes the province better able to sustain many other species. They also play an important role in First Nations culture as well as many tourism and recreation activities.
The province has made an environmental commitment to sustaining the grizzly bear population and habitat. A great deal of effort and research is invested in managing the population using scientific information and data.
Get an overview of the planning and funding used for grizzly bear population inventory and monitoring across the province:
The province’s grizzly bear strategy outlines science-based harvest management practices used to help ensure that B.C. continues to be home to some of the healthiest grizzly bear populations in the world.
- Grizzly Bear Conservation Strategy: A Future for the Grizzly – 1995 (PDF, 2 MB)
- Conservation of Grizzly Bears in B.C.: Background Report – 1995 (PDF, 6.5 MB)
- Grizzly Bears in B.C. – Ecology, Conservation and Management (PDF)
Managing the Population
Currently in B.C., targeted harvesting of grizzlies bears is allowed – only with a specific hunting licence. This approach contributes to a healthy population by:
- Helping to control / manage grizzly bear numbers in certain areas
- Funding conservation activities via the money from hunting licences
Here are a few facts about grizzly bear hunting in B.C.:
- Approximately 35% of the province is closed to Grizzly hunting
- Historically, hunters have killed around 300 grizzly bears a year out of an estimated population of 15,000 (2% harvest rate)
- The grizzly bear hunt is the most intensively managed hunt of any species in the province
Read more about how hunting is used to control grizzly bear populations:
- Grizzly Bear Hunting – Frequently Asked Questions (PDF)
- Grizzly Bear Harvest Management Procedure - 2007 (PDF)
Recovery planning for at risk populations: Part of the province’s management strategy includes planning and research dedicated to recovering and protecting grizzly bear diversity and the ecosystems they depend on.
Currently, 11 grizzly bear populations are designated as “threatened.”
A plan of action was created to focus recovery efforts on the North Cascades population – its small size and isolated location made it the highest conservation priority.