Cycling Infrastructure Glossary of Terms
Marked bike lane: The portion of the roadway cross section designated exclusively for bicycle use, and is identified through striping, signage, pavement markings.
Catchment area (population serviced by project): The area in which people cycle to and from work, school or errands on a regular basis. The average cycling trip is between 5-10 km for transportation purposes. Catchment areas may be larger due to the nature and length of the facility and its associated trip generators along the route.
Hindrances: Hindrances on a cycling route consist of anything that would impede the width, visibility, operation or safety along the route. Some examples include intersections, driveways, utility poles, narrow lanes on bridges, abutments, trees. A high number of hindrances on a route can substantially affect the route’s viability and its overall safety. The greater the reduction of hindrances, the greater safety improvement along the route.
Multi-use path: A path utilized by both cyclists and pedestrians, and physically separated from a vehicle roadway by either a barrier or open space. The minimum width accepted for a multi-use path is 3 metres.
Project design: The design of proposed infrastructure on all projects should be consistent with the Ministry of Transportation and Infrastructure’s Cycling Guide (2000). The guide incorporates the Transportation Association of Canada (TAC) bikeway standards.
Designs are not to contravene the Motor Vehicle Act. Design drawings require the approval of the municipal engineer or works superintendent and must be included with the application form. If work is proposed on a road under the ministry’s jurisdiction, the local area operations manager's approval must be attached to the application in order for the project to be considered.
Municipalities and regional districts are encouraged to liaise closely with, and benefit from, assistance which may be available from local cycling organizations. Local governments are also encouraged to work in co-operation with all neighbouring local governments that may be affected by the application.
Safety: The safety component of a project will be reviewed based on overall safety features of the project upon completion, as well as cycling stress improvements. Cycling stress will be measured by factors such as curb lane width, motor vehicle traffic volume, and adjacent motor vehicle speed, number of lanes of motor vehicle traffic, number of commercial access points, and number of intersections. By improving any of these factors, a cyclist’s stress level will be decreased due to increased safety in the cycling environment. If the proposed route completely removes cyclists from a roadway system, statistics for the original route used by cyclists should be provided in the application.
Separated bike path: A path assigned to cyclists, and physically separated from a vehicle roadway by either a barrier or open space. The minimum width accepted for a separated bike path is 3 metres for a two-way facility, and 1.5 metres for a one-way facility.
Shared roadway: A roadway that has been designated by directional signage as being open to bicycle travel and is shared with other motor vehicle traffic, but is usually not identified by lane lines or pavement markings. The minimum lane width accepted for a shared roadway is 4.3 metres.
Shelf-ready project: Shelf-ready means that a project is at the stage where construction can begin immediately once provincial funding has been announced. Shelf ready requires the proponent to have completed public consultation, project design, property negotiations and environmental mitigation measures prior to submission of the application.
Shoulder bikeway: A shoulder bikeway is located on the right side of the shoulder line of an open roadway, using the paved shoulder of the roadway. It does not encompass any of the regularly travelled motor vehicle portion of the roadway. The minimum width accepted for a shoulder bikeway is 1.5 metres. A shoulder bikeway may be indicated by road signs and/or pavement markings.
Transportation Cycling: Local governments develop cycling infrastructure in order to equip residents with the option of cycling for transportation purposes, whether for work, school, or errands. These developments also afford tourists the opportunity to explore British Columbia. BikeBC aims to reduce the number of trips made by motor vehicles, thereby contributing to the reduction of traffic and greenhouse gas emissions, leading to an improved quality of life for all British Columbians.