Tsunamis are a series of waves (not just one big one), most often generated by a major earthquake beneath the ocean floor. The time between crests can range from minutes to hours, and in height from a few centimetres to several metres. In the deep ocean, the waves travel about 800 kilometres per hour, but start to slow in shallower, coastal waters where their heights increase dramatically.

Tsunami Preparedness

If you live in coastal British Columbia, know your tsunami notification zone (PDF, 6.6MB), then get prepared to manage on your own for a minimum of 72 hours. Start by developing a household plan, putting together your emergency kit and connecting with your neighbours.

Tsunami Preparedness

What To Do if There is a Tsunami Threat

Earthquakes are often a precursor to a tsunami. If you feel strong shaking, drop, cover and hold on. Then move to higher ground or, in some communities, a pre-identified safe area.

Tsunami waves can last several hours, so stay there until you receive the “All Clear” message from your local government before assuming the event is over. Never go to the beach to watch the waves. A tsunami can move faster than you can run.

How Will I Know if a Tsunami is Coming?

B.C. receives notification of a potential distant tsunami from the U.S. National Tsunami Warning Center. All information is then assessed by federal and provincial emergency officials and technical staff to determine if there is a threat to coastal BC.

If a tsunami threat is identified, Emergency Management BC will activate the Provincial Emergency Notification System (PENS), which notifies local communities and agencies with information on alert levels for the province’s five tsunami zones. Each zone includes all islands and inlets within it. What zone are you in? Emergency response plans are implemented at the local level as required.

Throughout the event, official tsunami emergency warnings and information will be broadcast by radio, television, telephone, text message, door-to-door contact, social media, weather radios and/or outdoor sirens. Always follow instructions from local emergency officials.

If you would like to receive tsunami email notifications, you can sign up via the Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission. Through this service, you will receive notifications from the National Tsunami Warning Center regarding events impacting British Columbia. However, please note you will also receive notifications from the following associated agencies: Pacific Tsunami Warning Center, North West Pacific Tsunami Advisory Center and regional tsunami service providers in India and Indonesia.

The National Tsunami Warning Center (@NWS_NTWC), Natural Resources Canada (@CANADAquakes) and the U.S. Geographical Survey (@USGSted) are also on Twitter. For information on signing up for Twitter and other services it provides, click here

Types of Tsunami Alerts

Types of Tsunami Alerts