Hazard, risk and vulnerability analysis

An HRVA is the foundation for any community or regional emergency plan. The HRVA is a process to identify hazards that have the likelihood to cause an emergency or disaster. It also assesses consequences should the emergency or disaster occur.

Understanding vulnerable locations, or areas at risk, helps the community to establish priorities. Appropriate plans and strategies to prevent or reduce the risk are then developed.

Evaluating risk is a mandate in Section 2(1) of the Local Authority Emergency Management Regulation. Local Authorities need to prepare emergency plans to reflect their assessment of the relative risk of occurrence, and the potential impact, of emergencies or disasters on people and property. 

HRVA tool

An HRVA report is comprehensive and takes time and resources to develop. Because of the complexity of the HRVA process, the B.C. government has developed an HRVA tool. The tool is a free online service for Local Authorities and First Nations to conduct an HRVA.

Using the HRVA tool

Communities enter information (such as hazards, vulnerabilities, risk reduction strategies and more) that exists within, or around, their community. The tool then produces a report that compiles all community information to inform emergency planning. There are two main ways to use the HRVA tool, online and offline.


The online HRVA tool is available to Local Authority and First Nations representatives who have a Business BCeID account.

There are some steps you must complete to gain access to the HRVA tool. Visit the first time login page for details.


The HRVA tool is available as a series of documents for anyone to use. These are in the HRVA document library.