Hazard, Risk & Vulnerability Analysis

Identifying and understanding where a community is vulnerable, or at risk, allows emergency managers to prevent or reduce the consequences of hazards. 

To prepare for emergencies at the community level, it is important to know what to plan and prepare for. A Hazard, Risk and Vulnerability Analysis (HRVA) helps communities answer the following questions:

  • What hazards are likely to occur in my community/region?
  • How severe will the impact of hazards be on our population, infrastructure, property, environment and other values?
  • How resilient is my community to the identified hazards?
  • What risk reduction strategies can be implemented?
  • What emergency plan(s) does my community need?

Why does my community need an HRVA?

An HRVA is the foundation for any community or regional emergency management program. It informs risk reduction strategies, emergency response and recovery plans, and other elements of emergency programs. 

Evaluating risks is a requirement mandated by the Local Authority Emergency Management Regulation. Section 2(1) of this regulation requires local authorities to prepare emergency plans that reflects their assessment of the relative risk of occurrence, and the potential impact, of emergencies or disasters on people and property.


An HRVA report is comprehensive and takes time and resources to develop. Because of the complexity of the HRVA process, the B.C. government has developed an HRVA Tool. The tool is a free online service for Local Authorities and First Nations to conduct an HRVA.

Accessing the Updated HRVA Tool

An updated HRVA tool is on the way for Local Authorities and First Nations. In this new tool communities can input information (such as hazards, vulnerabilities, risk reduction strategies, and more) that may exist within or around a community. This produces a report that compile's a community's assessment of the risks and recommendations for action, as a foundation for emergency management planning and programs.

To gain access to the new tool, please contact your EMBC Regional Office.

Previous HRVA Tool

The previous tool is being phased out with the introduction of the new tool. Current users will have access to the previous tool until access to the new tool is made available.