Three Elements of Human Trafficking

In essence, for human trafficking to occur, a trafficker will:

  1. commit at least one act against another person, such as recruiting
  2. by using at least one means, such as violence
  3. for the purpose of exploiting that other person for financial gain or material benefit

Act + Means + Purpose = Human Trafficking

Act Means Purpose

The trafficker must commit one or more of the following acts:

  • recruit
  • transport
  • transfer
  • harbour
  • receive
  • give/receive benefit
  • control

Using one or more of the following means:

  • violence
  • threat of violence
  • coercion
  • abduction
  • fraud
  • deception
  • abuse of power or position of vulnerability

For the purpose of exploitation in one or more of the following forms:

  • sexual exploitation
  • forced labour
  • slavery
  • servitude
  • organ removal
  • forced labour or services


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