International Trafficking vs. Domestic Trafficking
Both international trafficking and domestic human trafficking are prevalent around the world.
International Trafficking occurs when a trafficker transports the citizen of one country into another country for the purpose of exploitation.
Persons may enter the country clandestinely or through the use of fraudulent documents.
Persons may also enter the country with valid documents but not know that the job for which they are coming into Canada is not actually available.
Domestic Trafficking occurs when the entirety of the crime occurs within a country's borders, and no international boundary is crossed.
The trafficked person may be a citizen, permanent resident, visitor, temporary worker, or student — as long as all the elements occur within the same country, it is considered domestic trafficking.
The 2012 UN Global Report on Human Trafficking (PDF) states:
"Domestic trafficking accounted for more than 25 per cent of the total number of victims detected globally... An increasing number of cases of domestic trafficking have been detected and reported in recent years. The percentage of [reported] human trafficking cases that were domestic trafficking cases rose from 19 per cent in 2007 to 31 percent in 2010."
You will learn more about international and domestic trafficking in Canada in Module 2.
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