Definition of Human Trafficking

Article 3(a) of the Trafficking in Persons Protocol offers the first internationally agreed upon definition of "Trafficking in Persons", which countries use to create their own laws and policies to combat this crime:

The recruitment, transportation, transfer, harbouring or receipt of persons, by means of the threat or use of force or other forms of coercion, of abduction, fraud, of deception, of the abuse of power or of a position of vulnerability or of the giving or receiving of payments or benefits to achieve the consent of a person having control over another person, for the purpose of exploitation.

Exploitation shall include, at a minimum, the exploitation of the prostitution of others or other forms of sexual exploitation, forced labour or services, slavery or practices similar to slavery, servitude or the removal of organs.

Canada's criminal laws against human trafficking reflect this definition. This is further discussed in Module 2.

My Story: The traffickers told me: This is the rules... [You] gonna work 6 days a week, we gonna drive you... don't be late. It is $50.00 every 5 minutes you are late.  At the club don't talk to anybody... We are gonna be there... Everyday at the end of your shift we are gonna come to your room and collect your money... and you do not want to go to the police under any circumstances... just remember you are here with fake documents and you are a criminal, you broke the law so you gonna end up in jail...

- Timea


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