Strategic Training Initiative in Community Supervision
Strategic Training Initiative in Community Supervision (STICS) teaches probation officers to use evidence-based practices to change the attitudes of offenders.
Offenders supervised by probation officers trained in STICS reduced their rate of reoffending by 38% compared to other offenders.
STICS has three principles:
- Risk: The levels of service an offender receives should match their risk.
- Needs: The services offenders receive should address the causes of their criminal behaviour.
- Responsivity: Interventions should be responsive to the offender’s individual motivations, strengths and abilities.
B.C. Corrections has implemented STICS province-wide. Probation officers have been taught to use one-to-one intervention techniques to target the criminal behaviours of medium and high risk offenders in the community. It included:
- Targeting attitudes
- Building rapport
- Leading by example (Also known as pro-social modelling)
- Reinforce cognitive behavioural techniques that influence change
Training also focused on recognizing and addressing four factors that increase an offender’s risk to reoffend. They are:
- History of antisocial behaviour
- Antisocial personality pattern
- Antisocial attitudes
- Antisocial friends and associates