1912-1991: Oakalla (Lower Mainland Regional Correctional Centre)
The Oakalla Prison Farm became a model prison for similar institutions in Western Canada. Attention was given to lighting, sanitary conditions and security. Oakalla was organized to employ inmates within the property. This eventually led to the obsolescence of the chain gang. The popular view was to reform prisoners through farm work and teaching them trades. This approach represented a more sophisticated attempt to teach industry to offenders. However, the system still emphasized punishment, security and discipline.
Oakalla Prison Farm