Construction & Operation for Natural Resource Major Projects

Before construction can begin, all necessary authorizations must be in place. Additional authorizations or amendments can be provided after construction is underway.

Activities during this phase include planning, design, financing, environmental compliance and monitoring, site prep and construction.

Environmental compliance and monitoring is ongoing throughout the entire project. It is especially critical during the construction phase when most of the land disturbance happens. Sometimes specific permit or commitments from an Environmental Assessment Certificate must also be met prior to construction.

Site preparation involves laying the groundwork for project construction. It includes activities such as timber harvesting and land clearing, road building, camp construction, etc.

Construction of buildings and infrastructure necessary for the operation of the approved project is also completed during this phase, according to final design and permit conditions.

Operation & Monitoring

Operational projects must comply with the terms and conditions of all permits and approvals, as well as any applicable legislation. This could include activities like:

  • Monitoring and analyzing performance
  • Conducting environmental surveys
  • Completing preventative maintenance and repairs

Government regulators and proponents work together to support ongoing monitoring, compliance and enforcement activities to ensure environmental sustainability.

Learn more about compliance and enforcement agencies:

Decommission & Closeout

Once a project is finished, the site is returned to a safe and productive state. This process makes sure that the site is environmentally stable and will not require expensive site remediation:

  • Decommissioning is removing improvements from the land and operational service
  • Reclamation is the process of restoring land that has been altered to a natural or economically usable state (these activities can happen throughout an entire project lifecycle)

All project stakeholders are included in creating a closure and reclamation plan that outlines what steps will be taken to return the site to a safe, stable and reclaimed state.

Site closures may take several years. In some cases, ongoing monitoring and management of environmental impacts is also required.