Cariboo-Chilcotin Regional Land Use Plan
The Cariboo-Chilcotin Land Use Plan (CCLUP), announced by the B.C. government in 1994, establishes the long-term balance of environment and economy in the Cariboo-Chilcoltin region.
The plan provides for:
- Access to timber for the local forest industry
- Certainty for mining, ranching and tourism industries
- Conservation and recreation objectives for natural values
- Economic and social stability
- Increased opportunities for growth and investment throughout the region
The CCLUP was designated as a higher level plan in 1996 under the Forest Practices Code of British Columbia Act (FPC), and guided the application of the Code and other resource management activities within the plan area. The resource management objectives, targets and strategies within the CCLUP were carried forward by the Land Act as objectives under the Forest and Range Practices Act (FRPA) which replaced the FPC in 2002.
A key part of implementing the CCLUP was the completion of seven sustainable resource management plans (SRMPs) covering the entire Cariboo-Chilcotin region. These plans were completed by 2007, and address CCLUP strategies and targets on an area-specific basis through detailed objectives and strategies for the management of natural resources and the maintenance of environmental values. They were endorsed by government and resource stakeholders and remain as non-legal guidance.
Using the SRMPs as a foundation, a Land Use Order (LUO) was declared under the Land Use Objectives Regulation under the Land Act in 2010, which sets legal direction for forestry activities under FRPA with respect to key resource values. The order contains objectives and maps for biodiversity, wildlife trees, old growth forest, critical habitat for fish, community areas of special concern, lakes, riparian areas, mature birch retention, grasslands, scenic areas, recreation trails, high value wetlands for moose, and grizzly bear.
An additional element of implementing the CCLUP was the completion of wildlife management strategies, which between 2001 and 2010 resulted in the declaration of orders under the Government Action Regulation for management requirements for mule deer, caribou and other wildlife species.
- Cariboo-Chilcotin Higher Level Plan Declaration & Government Intent Order - 1996 (PDF, 3.7MB)
- CCLUP 90-day Implementation Process Report -1995 (PDF)
- (Includes Appendix A - Cariboo-Chilcotin LUP - 1994)
- CCLUP 90-day Implementation Report Map
- Addendum to the CCLUP 90-Day Implementation Process Report - 1995 (PDF)
- CCLUP Integration Report - 1998 (PDF)
- Summary of CCLUP Legal and Non-Legal Direction - 2005 (PDF)
- CCLUP Land Use Objectives Order (LUO) - Land Act, 2010 (PDF)
- Updated CCLUP LUO with Minor Amendment to Riparian Objectives - 2011 (PDF)
- Order Amending Old Growth Management Areas for Quesnel Natural Resource District - 2015 (PDF)
- Order amending Old Growth Management Areas for 100 Mile Natural Resource District – 2017 (PDF)
A key part of implementing the Cariboo-Chilcotin Land Use Plan (CCLUP) was the completion of seven sustainable resource management plans (SRMPs) covering the entire Cariboo-Chilcotin region. These plans, completed in 2007, address CCLUP strategies and targets on an area-specific basis and provide detailed objectives and strategies for the management of natural resources and the maintenance of environmental values. They were endorsed by government and stakeholders and remain as non-legal guidance.
The biodiversity conservation strategy was prepared as part of the CCLUP Implementation process. The strategy was completed in July 1996 and established landscape units, biodiversity emphasis categories, and forest seral targets across the region. Updates to the strategy explain key aspects of biodiversity.
Many of the general concepts developed in the CCLUP Biodiversity Conservation Strategy are well explained and documented in the earlier Forest Practices Code Biodiversity Guidebook (PDF, 8.4MB).
Regional Biodiversity Conservation Strategy & Updates
- Biodiversity Conservation Strategy Report (PDF, 1.4MB)
- Biodiversity Strategy Report Appendices (PDF)
- Biodiversity Conservation Strategy Table 2 Landscape Unit Sizes (PDF)
- Update Note #1: Key Assumptions & Recommendations For Use of the Inventory Adjustment Factor
- Update Note #2: Amalgamation of Small NDT-BEC Units in Relation to Assessment of Seral Objectives and Old Growth Management Area Planning
- Update Note #3: Definition of the Fir Group and Pine Group for Purposes of Seral Stage Assessments within NDT4
- Update Note #4: An Approach for Patch Size Assessments
- Update Note #5: An Integrated Mountain Pine-Biodiversity Conservation Management Strategy
- Update Note #6: Procedures for Implementation of the Mountain Pine Beetle-Biodiversity Strategy to Address Current Attack During the Outbreak Phase
- Update Note #7b: An Integrated Strategy for Management of Biodiversity and Bark Beetles in Douglas-fir and Spruce Stands
- Update Note #8: Strategy for Management of Mature Seral Forest and Salvage of Mountain Pine Beetle-Killed Timber (PDF)
- Update Note #9: Strategy for Management of Mature Seral Forest and Salvage of Mountain Pine Beetle-Killed Timber Within TFLs (PDF)
- Update Note #10: Salvage Harvesting of Transition Old Growth Management Areas Heavily Attacked by Mountain Pine Beetle or Spruce Beetle (PDF)
- Update Note #11: New Options for Old Growth Management Pine Beetle or Spruce Beetle (PDF)
- Update Note #12: Stand-Level Retention for Biodiversity (PDF)
- Update Note #14: The Function and Management of Old Growth Management Areas in the Cariboo-Chilcotin (PDF)
- Update Note #15: M+O Seral Management in Wildfire Areas (PDF)
Old Growth Management Areas
Old growth management areas (OGMA) have been spatially established by the Cariboo-Chilcoltin Land Use Plan Order across all landscape units in the Cariboo-Chilcoltin region to retain old forest and natural successional processes.
Periodic Biodiversity Analysis
Periodic analyses of seral stage distribution and patch size for each landscape unit/BEC unit (LU/BEC) combination based on the most current forest inventory data facilitates implementation of the biodiversity conservation strategy.
Seral Distribution Assessment
Seral distribution reports document the area of current “mature plus old” in each landscape unit / biogeoclimatic unit combination (LU / BEC) based on available data. The current area is compared to mature plus old targets.
Smaller LU / BEC areas may be combined as documented in the amalgamation tables to meet mature plus old biodiversity seral targets.
- Biogeoclimatic Unit Amalgamation Table - 2007 (PDF)
- Seral Distribution Reports & Maps by Landscape Unit - 2015
Patch Size Assessment
Patch size assessment reports and maps resulting from the approach outlined Update Note #4 (PDF): An Approach for Patch Size Assessments:
The Cariboo-Chilcotin land use plan management strategy for mule deer winter ranges in the Cariboo-Chilcotin is designed to guide forest harvest planning to restore and maintain mule deer winter range habitat suitability.
The strategy provides practical direction for planning and practices at both the landscape and stand levels to integrate mule deer habitat values with industrial timber development.
The CCLUP Integration Report mandated the creation of the Cariboo Regional mule deer winter range committee, comprised of ministry resource experts, to develop mule deer winter range plans and objectives.
Management plans, Strategy & Legal Requirements
- Management Strategy for Mule Deer Winter Ranges in the Cariboo-Chilcotin Part 1a: Management Plan for Shallow and Moderate Snowpack Zones
- Management Strategy for Mule Deer Winter Ranges in the Cariboo-Chilcotin Part 1b: Management Plan for Transition and Deep Snowpack Zones
- Approved Ungulate Winter Ranges
- GAR Orders
- Quesnel TSA, Williams Lake TSA and 100 Mile TSA
Mule Deer Range Strategy Guidance
- Information Note #1 - Guidance for Fire-Damaged Stands (PDF, 1.1MB)
- Information Note #2 - Mule Deer Winter Range General Wildlife Measure Exemption Requests for Salvage of Insect-Killed Douglas-Fir (PDF)
- Information Note #3: Basal Area Requirements for Initiating Group Selection Harvest in Transition and Deep Snowpack Zones (PDF)
- Northern Caribou Strategy - 2011
- Northern Caribou Strategy - 2002 (PDF, 11.6MB)
- Mountain Caribou Strategy - 2000 (PDF, 13.6MB)
- Caribou Strategy Update - 1998
- Approved Northern Caribou and Mountain Caribou Wildlife Habitat Areas
- Species: Northern caribou and mountain caribou
- GAR Orders and boundaries by natural resource district
The grasslands strategy establishes and maintains grassland benchmark area within which forest encroachment will be controlled, to protect values for both livestock grazing and biodiversity.
- Best Management Practice Guidelines for Harvesting Treatments on Cariboo-Chilcotin Land Use Plan Grassland Benchmark Sites (PDF)
- Forest Encroachment onto Grasslands and Establishment of a Grassland Benchmark Area (PDF, 23.8MB)
- Cariboo-Chilcotin Ecosystem Restoration Plan (PDF, 4.1MB)
- Cariboo-Chilcotin Ecosystem Restoration Priority Map (PDF, 11.4MB)
Consistent with the Cariboo-Chilcotin Land Use Plan and local sub-regional sustainable resource management plans, several new parks and several additions to existing parks have been established in the Cariboo-Chilcotin.
These areas were originally proposed and reviewed under the Cariboo-Chilcotin Land Use Plan and sustainable resource management plan processes dating back to 1992 and have been modified numerous times to address various interests. These areas address the Goal 2 objectives of the Protected Area Strategy of British Columbia to protect special features within the region.
Regional Goal 2 History