These are further divided into local fire zones (map, PDF). Each fire centre is responsible for wildfire management within its boundaries. The Provincial Wildfire Coordination Centre and Headquarters oversee and coordinate all province-wide functions of the BC Wildfire Service.
The Cariboo Fire Centre in Williams Lake is responsible for coordinating wildfire response in the central interior of B.C.
This area comprises of approximately 10.3 million hectares, stretching from Clinton, north to the Cottonwood River, east to Wells Gray Provincial Park, and west to Tweedsmuir Provincial Park, divided into two main climatic belts: the western dry belt and the eastern wet belt.
As a result, a mixture of thinly grassed meadows, sagebrush and lone coniferous trees and well-spaced forests are found in the west of the region. In the east, there are extensive forests of cedar, hemlock, spruce and balsam trees, with a milder climate lying between the two belts.
The Coastal Fire Centre, located in Parksville on Vancouver Island, coordinates wildfire suppression and prevention across south coastal B.C., the most heavily populated area in the province.
This area encompasses approximately 16.5 million hectares of land, extending west of the highest point on the Coast Mountain range from the U.S./Canada border at Manning Park to the northern border of South Tweedsmuir Provincial Park, the Lower Mainland, Sunshine Coast, Vancouver Island, the Gulf Islands and Haida Gwaii.
The presence of six distinctly different microclimates in the area gives rise to vastly different fuel types and fire danger ratings. Much of the terrain in the Coastal Fire Centre is steep and rugged with thick brush, large timber and large bodies of water and, with over 75% of the population of B.C. living in this area, there is a high potential for interface fires that affect homes, cabins, watersheds, communication towers, transmission lines, roads and other infrastructure.
Located close to Kamloops airport, the Kamloops Fire Centre coordinates the wildfire response across south central B.C.; from Blue River in the north to the U.S. border in the south and from Bridge River in the west to Monashee Mountains in the east.
The terrain within this area is extremely diverse - ranging from glaciers in the north to open range and semi-arid desert in the Southern Okanagan; from steep dry canyons in the Lytton and Lillooet area to the interior rainforest of Salmon Arm – and supports a variety of vegetation including ponderosa pine, Douglas-fir, jack or lodgepole pine, spruce, balsam and sagebrush.
The Northwest Fire Centre located in Smithers coordinates the wildfire response for an area which covers over 25 million hectares - a quarter of the Province - stretching from the west coast to just west of Endako and from the Yukon border to Tweedsmuir Provincial Park.
The Northwest Fire Centre encompasses part of the undulating interior plateau as well as the rugged Coastal mountain range. The forests in this area consist primarily of pine and spruce trees. Balsam can also be found in higher elevations with hemlock and red cedar becoming more prevalent along the coast.
The Prince George Fire Centre is located within the largest forest region in the Province; an area ten times the size of Vancouver Island and totalling 31.8 million hectares.
Covering the central and north east portion of the Province, the boundaries of the Prince George Fire Centre include the north of the Interior Plateau and the Omenica Mountains to the north, sections of the Rocky Mountain Trench and Peace Liard country to the east and part of the Cariboo range to the south.
Largely rugged and remote, the region is home to sub-alpine fir, interior cedar-hemlock, and boreal and sub-boreal spruce forest ecosystems.
Based at the Castlegar municipal airport, the Southeast Fire Centre, extends from the U.S. border to Mica Dam and from the Okanagan Highlands/west side of the Monashee Mountains to the B.C./Alberta border. Within this area also lie severalprovincial parks including Valhalla, Kokanee Glacier, Top of the World and Elk Lakes.
The Southeast Fire Centre varies from a wet climate in the north to a dry Okanagan climate in the southwest, the mountainous terrain can experience high temperatures in summer and very low temperatures in winter. Vegetation is very diverse across the region and includes many commercial hardwood and softwood species such as larch, pine, spruce, fir, Douglas-fir, cottonwood, aspen, red cedar and birch.
The PWCC and BC Wildfire Service Headquarters (located in Kamloops and Victoria, respectively) oversee and coordinate all province wide functions of the BCWS, including:
Provincial Airtanker Centre
Interagency agreements and assistance
Safety and training
GIS (Geographical Information System) Services
Provincial Forest Fire Reporting Centre