Density bonusing and amenities

Growth and development often lead to a demand for community amenities beyond what are provided by development cost charges.

To secure these additional community amenities, some local governments use density bonus zoning (density bonusing) or community amenity contributions that are negotiated as part of a rezoning process.

Local governments can collect development cost charges from developers to pay a portion of off-site infrastructure required to service new growth. For example, local governments can collect charges for the expansion of a water reservoir or sewage treatment plant.

However, development cost charges cannot be applied to certain amenities such as libraries or recreation centres. To secure these additional community amenities, local governments typically use density bonusing and community amenity contributions

Density bonusing

Zoning bylaws can include the option of additional (bonus) density subject to specific conditions, which can include providing amenities.

Community amenity contributions

Community amenity contributions (CACs) are negotiated amenity contributions agreed to by the developer and local government as part of a rezoning process initiated by the developer. Community amenity contributions typically include the provision of amenities, affordable housing and/or financial contributions towards amenities. The agreed-to contribution is obtained by the local government, if the local government decides to adopt the rezoning bylaw.