Model Organics Strategies

See how these local and national governments have implemented organic waste management programs that are working well.

Regional Districts Making Bylaw Authority Under the Environmental Management Act

Under the Environmental Management Act, regional districts may make bylaws to regulate the management of municipal solid waste or recyclable material.  The disposal ban of organic municipal waste in regional districts of Nanaimo, Capital Regional District and Metro Vancouver has been developed under this section.

Capital Regional District (CRD)

The CRD’s organics strategy is a phased incentive and surcharge plan for landfill disposal of organic waste leading to a full organics disposal ban by 2015 by:

  • Offering an incentive of $20/tonne for loads of source-separated kitchen scraps delivered to a CRD-approved transfer station or composting facility in 2013 and 2014
  • Charging a 20% surcharge on garbage loads containing kitchen scraps at Hartland Landfill in 2014
  • Banning kitchen scraps from disposal at Hartland Landfill starting January 1, 2015
  • Tendering the interim processing of residential kitchen scraps from confirmed municipal partners for 2013 and 2014

Metro Vancouver

Metro Vancouver’s organics strategy is based on an organic waste disposal ban from single-family homes in 2012 and a progressive new surcharge on garbage tipping fees for businesses and multifamily residences, leading to a full ban in 2015.

The Integrated Solid Waste and Resource Management Plan (PDF, 1.6 MB), which was approved by the Province in July 2010, indicates that Metro Vancouver will divert organics from the waste stream and ban compostable organics from disposal to landfills and waste to energy (except anaerobic digestion) by 2015.

In 2011, the Metro Vancouver Zero Waste Committee recommended the “Hybrid Model” for managing organic waste:

  • Implementing a disposal ban on organics from single-family homes in 2012
  • Introducing and promoting a progressive new surcharge on the garbage tipping fee for waste from businesses and multi-family residences that contains excessive amounts of organics
  • Introducing a full ban on commercial organics disposal in landfills in 2015

Regional District of Nanaimo

The Regional District of Nanaimo:

City of Surrey

The City of Surrey started its Organics Collections Program in October 2012.

Newfoundland and Labrador

The Government of Newfoundland and Labrador is planning to reduce the amount of waste going into landfills in the province by 50% through the development of new waste diversion programs such as recycling, composting, and reducing the number of waste sites in the province by at least 80% by 2020.

Information gathered during a public consultation was instrumental in creating an organics strategy designed to result in long-term solutions for modern waste management in the province.

EU Landfill Directive

The EU Landfill Directive holds EU jurisdictions responsible for organic waste. The Landfill Directive obliges Member States to reduce the amount of biodegradable municipal waste that they send to landfills to 35% of 1995 levels by 2016 or, for some countries, by 2020.


The Scottish Waste Regulations 2012 indicate that businesses producing more than 50 kg of food waste per week must separate organics for collection by December 31, 2013. Smaller businesses that produce 5-50 kg of food waste per week have an additional two years to comply with the organics recycling section of the regulation. Local authorities are required to begin implementing residential food waste collection by the same date with full compliance by the end of 2015.