Forest & Range Practices Act (FRPA)

The Forest & Range Practices Act (FRPA) outlines how all forest and range practices and resource-based activities are to be conducted on Crown land in B.C., while ensuring protection of everything in and on them, such as  plants, animals and ecosystems.

All forest and range licensees' activities are governed by FRPA and its regulations during all stages of planning, road building, logging, reforestation and/or grazing.

FRPA standards and requirements ensure high levels of protection for resource values while streamlining planning processes for both government and industry.

The 11 resource values identified under the FRPA are:

  1. Biodiversity
  2. Cultural Heritage
  3. Fish / Riparian
  4. Forage & Associated Plant Communities
  5. Recreation
  6. Resource Features
  7. Soils
  8. Timber
  9. Visual Quality
  10. Water Quality
  11. Wildlife

District Manager Letters of Expectation

FRPA encourages innovation through the use of skilled resource professionals (professional reliance), holding industry responsible for outcomes and monitoring planning, process and outcomes through the use of vigorous compliance and enforcement, ensuring high-quality forest management.

B.C.'s Chief Forester has requested that District Managers prepare a letter outlining the challenges for resource management within their district for forest licensees and forest professionals to consider in their forest management planning.


  1. Cariboo-Chilcotin, 100 Mile House & Quesnel  (PDF)
  2. Mackenzie (PDF)
  3. Prince George (PDF)
  4. Coast Mountain (PDF)
  5. Nadina & Skeena-Stikine (PDF)
  6. Chilliwack (PDF)
  7. Sea to Sky (PDF)
  8. Sunshine Coast (PDF)
  9. Cascades (PDF)
  10. Okanagan-Shuswap (PDF)
  11. Thompson Rivers Forests (PDF) & Thompson Rivers Range (PDF)
  12. Haida Gwaii (PDF)
  13. Rocky Mountain & Selkirk (PDF)
  14. Stuart-Nechako (PDF)
  15. Fort Nelson
  16. Peace 

Under FRPA, the Government Actions Regulation (GAR) provides direction for establishment of land designations and features that require special management for the stewardship of forest values. GAR regulates how government establishes the measures or objectives that pertain to the designated land areas.

Learn more about other government regulations that support FRPA:

The Fort St. John Code Pilot Project is a results-based experiment that is helping the B.C. Government reduce regulatory burdens associated with the Forest Practices Code.

Learn more about land use planning and the initiatives that provide direction in the use of Crown land and the development of related natural resources

The B.C. Forest Practices Board reports to the public and government about compliance with FRPA and the achievement of its intent. The Forest Practices Board provides recommendations for continuing improvements in forest and range practices.

The Forest & Range Practices Advisory Council (PAC) provides advice to improve British Columbia’s administration and management of forest and range resources. PAC periodically reviews and evaluates the requirements of FRPA and provides recommendations.

Forest and range management in B.C. changed from a prescriptive regime under the Forest Practices Code to a results-based regime under FRPA. The transition period involved substantial change, requiring training for government and industry professionals.

The FRPA training program is a knowledge and support tool for forest, range and woodlot practitioners. For details on how to acquire instructional materials, including recorded presentations, online sessions and assessments:

Multiple expectations affect the management of public forest and range lands in B.C. This discussion paper looks at the various ways decisions and practices can be evaluated, inside and outside of the statutory framework:

Bulletin Guide

Forest and Range Practices Act (FRPA) Administration Bulletin

  1. Forest Stewardship Planning: First Nations Information Sharing (PDF)

  2. Administration of Declared Areas under Section 14 of the Forest Planning and Practices Regulation (PDF)

  3. Interpretive Guidance Respecting Forest Stewardship Plan Questions (PDF)

  4. Administration of Sections 12(3) and 52 of the FPPR: Considerations regarding content requirements for Forest Stewardship Plans (PDF)

  5. First Nations Information Sharing Bulletin for Woodlot Licence Planning (PDF)

  6. Transfer of Obligations to Establish a Free Growing Stand under section 29.1 of FRPA (PDF)

  7. Considerations for Making Orders under Section 9 of the Forest and Range Practices Act and Section 19 of the Forest Planning and Practices Regulation: Cumulative Effect of multiple Forest Stewardship Plans: Proportional Targets (PDF)

  8. Guidance on Administrating a Transition Forest Stewardship Plan (PDF)

  9. Interpretive Guidance Respecting Woodlot License Plans (PDF)

  10. Interpretative Guidance Respecting Forest Stewardship Plan Questions (PDF)

  11. Removed

  12. Amending Site Level Information - Ability to Amend Code Site Plans Under FRPA (PDF)

  13. Silviculture Prescription Stocking Standard Amendments (PDF)

  14. FSP Review and Comment Requirements Relative to Tenured Commercial Recreational Operations on Crown Land (PDF) (3.2 MG)

  15. Removed

  16. Interpretive Guidance Respecting the Extension of Woodlot Licence Plans (PDF)


  1. Collection, Registration, Processing and Distribution of Seed (PDF)

  2. Managing Through Transition - FSP Opportunities (PDF)

  3. Use of the Term "Practicable" under the Forest and Range Practices Acct (FRPA) and Regulations (PDF)

  4. Strategies to Assist Forest Stewardship Plan (FSP) Development and Administration in Areas with Established Land Use Objectives (PDF)

  5. The Role of Information and Considerations Influencing Statutory Decision-Makers (SDM) Determinations in the Plan Approval Process (PDF)

  6. Wildlife Habitat Objectives: Considerations Respecting the Content of Forest Stewardship Plans (PDF)

  7. Interpreting Section 196 of the Forest and Range Practices Act for major Licences and BC Timber Sales (PDF)

  8. Wildlife Tree Retention (WTR): Guidance for District and License staff (PDF)

  9. Managing Visual Resources (PDF)

  10. Beetle Wood Salvage and Visual Quality (PDF)

  11. Forest health bulletin (PDF)

  12. Use of Practicable in Results or Strategies (PDF)

  13. Transition Guidance for Licensees Making Cutting Permit and Road Permit Applications (PDF)

  14. Management of Lakeshore Management Zones under the Forest and Range Practices Act (PDF)

  15. Managing and Tracking Wildlife Tree Retention Areas under FRPA (PDF)

  16. Application of FRPA to Independent Power Producers, Mineral Interests and Other Occupiers of the Land (PDF)

  17. Effects of Orders Made Under the Forest and Range Practices Act, Government Actions Regulation on Forest Stewardship Plans (PDF)

  18. Promoting Co-operative Planning under FRPA (PDF)

  19. Options for Harvesting Dead and Dying Trees along Road Permit Roads (PDF)

  20. Declaration regarding free growing obligations met to the extent practicable under Forest Planning and Practices Regulation (FPPR) Section 97.1 (PDF)

  21. Managing Section 48 of the FRPA - "Natural Range Barriers" (PDF)

  22. An Overview of FSP Extensions (PDF)

  23. Providing Notice of Road Construction or Deactivation Activities in a Community Watershed (PDF)

  24. 20-Year Time Limit for Establishing a Free Growing Stand under Section 44 (1)(b) of the Forest Planning and Practices Regulation and the Mechanism for Extending the Late Free Growing Date (PDF)

  25. A Comparison of FSP Results or Strategies Flexibility Options (PDF)

  26. Government may fund extra expenses or waive obligations under FRPA Section 108 and Forest Planning and Practices Regulation, Section 96 (PDF)

  27. Adding/Removing/Transferring a party to/from an existing FSP (PDF)

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