Trade, Investment and Labour Mobility Agreement (TILMA)
New West Partnership Trade Agreement (NWPTA)
The Agreement on Internal Trade (AIT) provides rules of trade for many important sectors of the Canadian economy. However, the effectiveness of the AIT in eliminating impediments to trade, investment and labour mobility across Canada is limited as its coverage does not extend to all key sectors. To address these shortcomings, the governments of British Columbia and Alberta created the Trade, Investment and Labour Mobility Agreement (TILMA). Later, the governments of British Columbia, Alberta and Saskatchewan signed the New West Partnership Trade Agreement (NWPTA), which took effect July 1, 2010.
Canada’s constitution forbids the levying of tariffs on inter-provincial trade in goods. However, it does not prohibit many other types of provincial restrictions that often hinder cross-border commerce. Most current internal impediments to trade stem from discriminatory treatment of out-of-province goods, businesses and suppliers; restrictions on labour mobility; and differing provincial standards and regulations in a variety of areas.
TILMA and NWPTA address the standards and regulations that operate to restrict or impair trade, investment or labour mobility between the signatory provinces. Regulatory differences have been minimized and a more open, competitive economy has been created where goods, services, certified workers and investments can move freely between the two provinces.