The following list includes some of the words and abbreviations that you will find in the materials that you receive from WorkSafeBC. The Workers' Advisers have Factsheets that may help you with some of the more technical definitions in this list.

A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z

The Act:
The Workers Compensation Act

AB Exam (At Board Exam):
A medical examination that takes place at WorkSafeBC. This may also be referred to as an ME.

Computerized impairment rating program that is used by WorkSafeBC to measure and calculate functional and range-of-motion impairment.

When you have been hurt on the job, and the work that you are doing makes your injury worse, either on a temporary basis or permanent basis. This can also include an aggravation of an underlying condition that becomes disabling due to the work you are doing.

When the Review Division or WCAT finds in favour of the appellant.

The party who initiates a review or appeal. This can be the worker, a dependant, or the employer.


Means that the Review Officer or WCAT panel disagrees with the determinations made on every issue covered by a decision under review or appeal and determined that the decision should be set aside without a new or changed decision being provided in its place. Cancellations are normally only ordered with respect to prevention issues.

WorkSafeBC’s name for your compensation file.

Chief Review Officer:
A WorkSafeBC officer who is appointed as the head of the Review Division.

DAMA (Disability Awards Medical Adviser):

A WorkSafeBC doctor who specializes in disability award assessments and conducts permanent functional impairment examinations. A DAMA may also be a consulting medical specialist.

This is a copy of your WorkSafeBC Claim file, including medical reports, correspondence, administrative logs and other information regarding your claim, as well as past reviews and appeals.

Effective date:
The start date of the permanent part of your disability award (usually the day after your wage loss claim ends).

Your rights to benefits as they are listed in the Workers Compensation Act or WorkSafeBC policy.

All the facts, medical investigations, medical opinions, statements, video or documents that relate to a claim file.

EOT (Extension of Time):
If you are beyond the 90 days (plus 8 days mailing grace) to the Review Division or 30 days (plus 8 days mailing grace) to the WCAT, you will be required to request an extension of time to request a review or appeal.


Functional award:
Your disability award based upon the permanent functional impairment examination (see definition in this section). This is not a loss of earnings award.

Health care benefits:
Reimbursement or payment for the services of doctors, chiropractors, physiotherapists, etc., or for such things as medicine, hearing aids, slings, casts, splints, or special shoes.

When a Review Officer of the Review Division or a panel of the WCAT convenes a face-to-face meeting and listens to your request for review or appeal and your presentation of evidence.

When WorkSafeBC acts on, or puts into effect, a decision of the Review Division or WCAT.


The questions that need to be resolved regarding a decision letter from WorkSafeBC.

The power, right or authority given by the Workers Compensation Act to interpret and apply law or policy.


LOE (Loss Of Earnings):
An additional disability award (greater than a functional award) paid by WorkSafeBC, which compensates you for changing to a lower paying job or earning less money because of your disability. This is only awarded in exceptional cases.

MA (Medical Adviser):
A WorkSafeBC doctor who gives medical opinions to WorkSafeBC staff.

A determination of whether there is a likelihood of success in a compensation matter.

Notice of Participation or Notice to Participate:
A form provided by the Review Division or WCAT inviting you to participate in a review or appeal initiated by the employer. By completing this form, you will have an opportunity to respond to the employer’s submission and evidence and provide you with a copy of the Review Division or WCAT decision.

Objective findings:
Something measured or observed by a medical doctor that proves your disability/injury.


One or more Vice Chairs of the WCAT who hear and decide disputes regarding compensation matters.

PFI (Permanent Functional Impairment):
The assessment of the Disability Awards Medical Adviser for the decision relating to percentage of impairment associated with the measurable loss of range of motion or psychological impairment from a compensable injury or condition.

PPD (Permanent Partial Disability):
The Workers Compensation Act provides for payment of an award for a permanent partial disability.

The written rules of WorkSafeBC. These rules are considered to be the same as law set out in the Act. They are used to interpret specific sections of the Act to individual cases. You can find these in the Rehabilitation Services and Claims Manual Vol. I (for all injuries occurring prior to June 30, 2002) and Vol. II (for all injuries occurring after June 30, 2002).

The effect of evidence, the establishment of a fact by evidence. The Act does not require absolute proof, but it does require that the WorkSafeBC choose the most likely possibility.


To change a decision made by a WorkSafeBC Officer or an appellant body. In order to ask for reconsideration you will need new evidence or show the decision was a mistake of evidence or law.

The benefits or action you are asking from the Review Division or WCAT, should you be successful in your review/appeal.

A lawyer, union member or other knowledgeable person who will help you organize your review or appeal and advocate on your behalf.

The person who is responding to the review or appeal. If you are requesting a review or appealing a decision, the respondent is your employer. If your employer is requesting a review or appealing a decision, you are the respondent.

A mechanism provided through the legislation for disputing a decision provided by WorkSafeBC.

Review Officer:
A WorkSafeBC officer who works for the Review Division and makes decisions on reviews.

RS&C Manual (or RSCM) (Rehabilitation Services & Claims Manual, Volume I and II):
WorkSafeBC's written policies for deciding individual claims matters.


Short Term Disability:
See wage loss benefits.

When you present your arguments on law, policy or facts regarding your case, either in person or in writing.

TPD (Temporary Partial Disability):
Section 30 of the Act allows the payment of partial wage loss benefits when you are recovering, that is, you can do some work but are unable to return to your regular job full time. These benefits can be provided to top-up lost daily wages.

TTD (Temporary Total Disability):
Section 29 of the Act provides wage loss benefits when your condition is totally disabling.

One of the members of the WCAT who decides appeals and in case of an oral hearing is responsible for its conduct. Vice Chairs are not employees of WorkSafeBC.

Vocational rehabilitation:
Aid to lessen or eliminate a disability caused by a work-related injury, and to help you get back to work. Examples of vocational rehabilitation are: counseling, vocational assessment and planning, job readiness/skill development, and placement assistance.


Wage loss benefits:
Replacement for lost income. For temporary total disability, it is generally paid every two weeks in the form of a cheque. WorkSafeBC does not provide direct deposit for temporary disability wage loss benefits.

Wage rate:
Your wage loss, rehabilitation and disability award benefits are based on your average earnings. The Act says you get 90 percent of your net average earnings when you are on full benefits. If your wage rate is below the minimum stated in the Act, it will be 100 percent of your average earnings. Your wage rate will not be more than WorkSafeBC's maximum.

In the event your claim was established prior to June 30, 2002, and you have an accepted permanent partial disability award, your reopening rate will be based on 75% of your gross earnings for any subsequent periods of temporary partial or total disability that results from a deterioration in your permanent condition.

WCB (Workers Compensation Board):
Now known as WorkSafeBC. It is governed by a Board of Directors appointed by the Minister of Labour and Citizens’ Services in British Columbia. This organization has decision-making responsibility as legislated through the Workers Compensation Act (Act). WorkSafeBC collects money from employers to pay for benefits to injured and deceased workers. The premiums are not recovered from employees.

WCAT (Workers Compensation Appeal Tribunal):
The WCAT is established under the ACT. It is an external appeal body, independent of the Board.

Workers Compensation Act (the Act):
The law of the province of British Columbia that provides wage loss benefits, vocational rehabilitation, permanent partial disability awards for injuries on the job and for occupational diseases. The Act also sets the rules for Occupational Health and Safety.