Certificate of Qualification
A Certificate of Qualification is required for educators who work at:
- B.C. public and offshore schools, including full-time, part-time and on-call teachers
- Schools that are part of the First Nations Schools Association
This type of certificate can also be used to teach at B.C. independent or First Nations schools.
A non-expiring certificate that is valid for teaching in B.C.’s Kindergarten to Grade 12 education system. It is not restricted to any subject area or grade level.
A non-expiring certificate that is restricted to teaching in a specific trade area. This certificate is for individuals who have:
- A recognized trade qualification
- Five or more years working as a journeyperson and/or trades teaching experience in the last 10 years
- Completed a teacher education program with a trade as their teachable subject
Review the trades certificate brochure (PDF) for more information about this certificate. Teachers with this certificate can upgrade to a professional certificate by completing specific requirements.
A certificate that is valid for up to 60 months that is not restricted to any subject area or grade level. It is for teachers who meet most of the professional certification requirements and do not already have a current, valid, unrestricted teaching certificate from another Canadian province or territory. Teachers are given this certificate while they complete specific coursework requirements to upgrade to a professional certificate.
This certificate is valid for up to 60 months and is restricted to a specialty area such as chef instruction, technology education, or First Nations language and culture studies. Specified coursework requirements must be completed before the certificate can be upgraded to a professional certificate.
This certificate is given to proficient First Nations language speakers who are authorized to teach. Their proficiency is determined by a language authority who also recommends or endorses them for the teaching certificate.
Requirements to Apply
Note: Even if a teacher has not completed all of the following requirements, they may still qualify for a temporary teaching certificate while they finish their course work.
A B.C. Certificate of Graduation (Dogwood Diploma) or one of the following is required:
- Quebec: A DEC after two years of CEGEP, plus one year of post-secondary education
- United Kingdom: Completion of two or more "A" levels. "A" level coursework with an A or B grade is considered equivalent to six credits of first-year university course work
- A combination of secondary school and post-secondary studies: For example, Grade 10 plus a four-year undergraduate degree could be considered equivalent to Grade 12 graduation and two years of post-secondary study
Four years (120 credits) of post-secondary studies and a degree (or equivalent) is required. Post-secondary course work must also meet specific academic and teacher education requirements.
Six credits of course work in English literature and composition are required. Post-secondary studies completed entirely in French must include six credits in French literature and composition.
Secondary school teachers also need at least 24 credits of course work in one of the following subject areas:
First Nations Studies
Elementary school teachers need 30 credits of general course work in areas related to the B.C. elementary curriculum and must include:
- Three credits of Canadian studies
- Three credits of mathematics
- Three credits of science (in the fields of astronomy, biology, chemistry, environmental science, geology, earth science and/or ocean science, physics or physical geography
Trades teachers need a trades qualification issued or recognized by the BC Industry Training Authority in a trade that has at least three levels of technical training and a minimum of five years of journeyperson work and/or trades teaching experience. They also must also meet the English course work requirement and teacher education course work requirements.
Teacher Education Program
Applicants also need 48 credits (about 1.5 to 2 years of full-time study) from a recognized teacher education program that includes classroom teaching experience in the form of a professional practicum. For example:
- A degree or diploma in education that leads to certification or professional recognition as a teacher in the jurisdiction in which it is completed
- Professional teacher education courses completed as part of an academic degree
Studies must include course work in:
- Human development and learning
- Educational foundations (history, philosophy, sociology)
- Curriculum and instruction
- Diagnosing and providing for students with special needs
- Evaluation and testing
Post-secondary education outside of Canada: Not all teacher education programs are recognized in B.C. Some examples of programs that do not qualify a person for teaching in B.C. include:
- French as a Foreign Language (FLE) programs that do not lead to teaching in France's K-12 schools
- Cambridge CELTA and DELTA programs
- TESOL language programs
- Alternative certification programs, such as SCITT and provincial instructor programs
- Programs that do not include training or education related to teaching in the K-12 school system
Other teacher education programs that may not meet certification requirements include:
- Very short programs
- Alternative certification programs, such as TEACH-NOW and TeacherReady
- On-the-job or employment-based programs
- Programs completed entirely online or by distance education
- Other alternative certification programs
Note: We cannot advise you on the possible outcome of your application for certification until after we assess the information provided in it and the supporting documents. After the assessment, if you do not qualify for certification, you will receive a letter that explains what requirements you need to qualify.
You must be able to read, write and speak at an advanced level in English or French.
You may need to take a language proficiency test if you completed your teacher education program outside of British Columbia. In B.C., language proficiency is determined from results on either an academic IELTS or TOEFL test (English) or a DELF/DALF test (French).
If you are required to provide evidence of an acceptable score on a language proficiency test, Ministry of Education staff will notify you directly.
Use one of the following tests:
- TOEFL iBT: a score of 98 with a minimum of 23 on reading, 23 on listening, 27 on speaking and 25 on writing - use the TOEFL Institution Code 8693
- IELTS Academic: overall band score of 6.5 with no band below 6 and with a minimum of 7 on the speaking and writing bands
Use one of the following requirements:
- A minimum score of C1 on the Diplôme approfondi de langue française (DALF)
- A minimum score of B1 on the Diplôme d'études en langue française (DELF)
- A letter from a Francophone Education Authority indicating acceptable proficiency in the French language
- A written assessment from the French Department of a Canadian university acceptable to the Ministry of Education attesting to demonstrated proficiency sufficient to conduct all teaching in the French language
You must be a person of a good and moral character and fit and proper to teach. This is determined based on the following documents you submit when you apply for a certificate:
- Application form (personal information questions)
- Confidential character references (if requested)
- Assessment forms and teacher evaluation reports
- Criminal record check results
- Academic records
- Statements of standing (if you are certified in another jurisdiction)
Teaching experience within the last 10 years is required for a Professional Certificate of Qualification.
- 75 days of teaching experience in one academic year
- 100 days of teaching experience over two consecutive academic years
- A practicum completed as part of a teacher education program
Teachers who have a current, valid, unrestricted teaching certificate from another Canadian province or territory will likely qualify for a Professional Certificate.
If you do not meet the minimum teaching experience requirements, you may need to complete:
- Some teacher education courses, including a practicum
- An acceptable teacher education program (if you do not have relevant teaching experience within the last 20 years)
Applicants who have studied in an education system that is significantly different from the education system in Canada may need to take training to learn about the culture and curriculum of the Canadian education system. The training takes about one year to complete and includes 12 credits of teacher education courses related to your subject area. Some applicants choose the:
- Professional Qualification Program at Simon Fraser University
- Teacher Updating Program at University of British Columbia
Find out if you need this training by completing your application for a teaching certificate. Your evaluation letter will tell you if you need this training – you can use it to enroll in a university program.
The Ministry of Education can accept post-secondary transcript in different ways.
- Find out more about submitting your documents
The Ministry of Education uses the Certification Standards for the regulation and certification of educators in B.C.