Issue 19-145 Energy Usage

September 13, 2019

Energy use in Canada increased (+1.8%) in 2017, and greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions were also higher (+1.5%).

At nearly a quarter (24%) of total energy consumption, the residential sector remained the largest energy user in 2017, though this share was down slightly from the previous year (-0.1 percentage points). Households used an average of 76.0 gigajoules of energy per person, equivalent to the energy content in approximately 12 barrels of crude oil. Despite accounting for nearly a quarter of total energy consumption in Canada, households were only responsible for 19% of GHG emissions. This is due mostly to the fact that a relatively large share of residential energy use comes from electricity, which is not a direct contributor to GHG emissions. On a per capita basis, households emitted 3.9 tonnes of GHG emissions in 2017.

Among the provinces, B.C. produced the lowest per capita household GHG emissions (3.1 tonnes) in 2017. Manitoba (3.3 tonnes), Ontario (3.7 tonnes) and Quebec (3.8 tonnes) were also below the national level. Conversely, household GHG emissions were highest in P.E.I. (6.8 tonnes per capita).

Data Source: Statistics Canada