Issue 17-44: Cancer Incidence

March 3, 2017

There were a total of 22,100 new cases of cancer diagnosed in British Columbia in 2014, a 7.7% decline compared to the previous year, making for a rate of 476 per 100,000 population. The rate for new cancer cases among men in the province decreased 9.9%, to 494, whereas the rate among women dropped 7.6%, to 458 per 100,000 population.

In 2014, the four most commonly diagnosed cancers in B.C. were breast (13%), colon and rectum (13%), lung and bronchus (13%), and prostate (11%), combined accounting for half of all new cancer diagnoses. The most frequently diagnosed cancers among men included prostate (22%), colon and rectum (15%), lung and bronchus (13%), and urinary bladder (8%) cancer. Among women, the most commonly diagnosed consisted of breast (27%), lung and bronchus (14%), colon and rectum (12%), and corpus uteri (6%) cancers.

Nationally (excluding Quebec), the number of new cancer diagnoses totalled 137,045 in 2014, down 1.4% from 2013. Meanwhile, the incidence rate declined (-2.6%), to 501 per 100,000 population. All but three of the reporting provinces registered year-over-year declines in rate of new cancer diagnoses, with Nova Scotia (-10.0%) posting the greatest declines, followed by B.C. (-8.8%) and Saskatchewan (-5.8%). Conversely, Newfoundland and Labrador (+3.5%) and Alberta (+2.9%) saw the biggest increases in incidence rate.

Data Source: Statistics Canada