The Crime of Human Trafficking Video Transcript

Benjamin Perrin, Assistant Professor, Faculty of Law, University of British Columbia:

So at the federal level the crime of human trafficking first came into force in November of 2005. And what it does is it criminalizes any individual who transports, harbours, recruits, or exercises control, direction, or influence over the movement of someone. So you notice there was a list of things, so any one of those acts. So something like a recruiter, that’s an act. The very common one that police is seeing effective in laying charges in it. It’s one that people can more understand more readily is this idea of the trafficker is someone who exercises control over movement of the victim. Now anyone of those acts needs to be for the purpose of exploitation for the individual to be convicted of human trafficking.

So Canada's definition doesn't talk about trafficking in a sense of movement, it's not about trafficking someone in a sense of transporting them.  It's referring to trafficking in a sense of treating them like a piece of property.  People traffic in guns and drugs, they trade in them.  That's what the idea of trafficking in people is all about.